Ohio Manufacturing Cairo Sulphur Products - Executive Summary
Risk Management Plan Executive Summary for Marsulex Cairo Sulfur Products |
1. Accidental Release Prevention and Emergency Response Policies
We at Cairo Sulfur Products are strongly committed to employee, public and environmental safety. This commitment is demonstrated by our comprehensive accidental release prevention program that covers areas such as design, installation, operating procedures, maintenance, and employee training associated with the processes at our facility. It is our policy to implement appropriate controls to prevent possible releases of regulated substances. Unforeseeably, if such a release does occur, we are coordinated with the Allen County Emergency Services and Cairo Fire Department which provides highly trained emergency response personnel to control and mitigate the effects of the release.
2. The Stationary Source and the Regulated Substances Handled
Our facilitys primary activities encompass production of sulfuric acid and liquid sulfur dioxide. W
e have four (4) RMP regulated substances present at our facility in significant quantities. These substances include sulfur dioxide, chlorine, ammonia and oleum, a mixture of sulfuric acid and sulfur trioxide. The regulated substances at our facility are involved in several uses. Sulfur dioxide is used for the production of sulfuric acid and is sold as a product. Oleum is used for producing sulfuric acid and sulfur dioxide. Chlorine is used in water treatment. Ammonia is used in refrigeration.
The maximum inventory of oleum that is expected to be present in this facility based on process/operational requirements is 18000 lb. The maximum inventory of sulfur dioxide that is expected to be present in this facility based on process/operational requirements is 500,000 lb. The maximum inventory of chlorine that is expected to be present in this facility based on process/operational requirements is 1350 lb which is below the Threshold Planning Quantity for RMP. The maximum inventory of am
monia that is expected to be present in this facility based on process/operational requirements is 3000 lb which is below the Threshold Planning Quantity for RMP.
3. The Worst Case Release Scenario(s) and the Alternative Release Scenario(s), including administrative controls and mitigation measures to limit the distances for each reported scenario
To perform the required offsite consequence analysis for our facility, we have used the look-up tables and equations provided by the EPA in the RMP Offsite Consequence Analysis Guidance. The following paragraphs provide details of the chosen scenarios.
The worst case release scenario submitted for Program 2 and 3 toxic substances as a class involves a catastrophic release from one liquid sulfur dioxide storage tank. The scenario involves a release of 260,000 lb. Sulfur dioxide. Toxic liquid is assumed to be immediately released to a pool of height 1 cm, from which evaporation takes place. The entire pool is estimated to have evaporat
ed over 10 minutes. At Class F atmospheric stability and 1.5 m/s wind speed, the maximum distance of 25 miles is obtained corresponding to a toxic endpoint of 0.0078 mg/L (3 ppm).
One alternative release scenarios has been submitted for each toxic substance present in Program 3 processes.
The alternative release scenario for oleum involves a release from oleum in the oleum towers. The scenario involves the release of 14700 lb. of oleum. Toxic liquid is assumed to be immediately released to form a pool of height 1 cm. from which evaporation takes place. Passive mitigation controls such as Inventory are taken into account to calculate the scenario. The release is also assumed to be controlled by active mitigation measures that include neutralization. Under neutral weather conditions, the maximum distance to the toxic endpoint of 0.01 mg/L of oleum is 2.1 miles.
The alternative release scenario for sulfur dioxide involves a release of sulfur dioxide from a loading hose. The sce
nario involves the release of 33900 lb. of sulfur dioxide. Toxic liquid is assumed to be immediately released to form a pool of height 1 cm. from which evaporation takes place. Passive mitigation controls such as Inventory are taken into account to calculate the scenario. The release is also assumed to be controlled by active mitigation measures that include neutralization. Under neutral weather conditions, the maximum distance to the toxic endpoint of 0.0078 mg/L of sulfur dioxide is 2.7 miles.
4. The General Accidental Release Prevention Program and the Chemical-Specific Prevention Steps
Our facility has taken all the necessary steps to comply with the accidental release prevention requirements set out under 40 CFR part 68 of the EPA. This facility was designed and constructed in accordance with NFPA-58 Standard, 1967 Edition. The sulfur dioxide processes at our facility are subject to the OSHA PSM standard under 29 CFR 1910.119. The following sections briefly describe the
elements of the release prevention program that is in place at our stationary source.
Process Safety Information
Cairo Sulfur Products maintains a detailed record of safety information that describes the chemical hazards, operating parameters and equipment designs associated with all processes.
Process Hazard Analysis
Our facility conducts comprehensive studies to ensure that hazards associated with our processes are identified and controlled efficiently. The methodology used to carry out these analyses is HAZOP. The studies are undertaken by a team of qualified personnel with expertise in engineering and process operations and are revalidated at a regular interval of (time period). Any findings related to the hazard analysis are addressed in a timely manner.
For the purposes of safely conducting activities within our covered processes, Cairo Sulfur Products maintains written operating procedures. These procedures address various modes of operation such as
initial startup, normal operations, temporary operations, emergency shutdown, emergency operations, normal shutdown and startup after a turnaround. The information is regularly reviewed and is readily accessible to operators involved in the processes.
Cairo Sulfur Products has a comprehensive training program in place to ensure that employees who are operating processes are competent in the operating procedures associated with these processes. Refresher training is provided at least every three years and more frequently as needed.
Cairo Sulfur Products carries out highly documented maintenance checks on process equipment to ensure proper operations. Process equipment examined by these checks includes among others: pressure vessels, storage tanks, piping systems, relief and vent systems, emergency shutdown systems, controls and pumps. Maintenance operations are carried out by qualified personnel with previous training in maintenance practices.
Furthermore, these personnel are offered specialized training as needed. Any equipment deficiencies identified by the maintenance checks are corrected in a safe and timely manner.
Management of Change
Written procedures are in place at Cairo Sulfur Products to manage changes in process chemicals, technology, equipment and procedures. Process operators, maintenance personnel or any other employee whose job tasks are affected by a modification in process conditions are promptly made aware of and offered training to deal with the modification.
Pre-startup safety reviews related to new processes and to modifications in established processes are conducted as a regular practice at Cairo Sulfur Products. These reviews are conducted to confirm that construction, equipment, operating and maintenance procedures are suitable for safe startup prior to placing equipment into operation.
Cairo Sulfur Products conducts audits on a regular basis to determine
whether the provisions set out under the RMP rule are being implemented. These audits are carried out at least every 3 years and any corrective actions required as a result of the audits are undertaken in a safe and prompt manner.
Cairo Sulfur Products promptly investigates any incident that has resulted in, or could reasonably result in a catastrophic release of a regulated substance. These investigations are undertaken to identify the situation leading to the incident as well as any corrective actions to prevent the release from reoccurring. All reports are retained for a minimum of 5 years.
Cairo Sulfur Products truly believes that process safety management and accident prevention is a team effort. Company employees are strongly encouraged to express their views concerning accident prevention issues and to recommend improvements. In addition, our employees have access to all information created as part of the facilitys impleme
ntation of the RMP rule, including information resulting from process hazard analyses in particular.
On occasion, our company hires contractors to conduct specialized maintenance and construction activities. Prior to selecting a contractor, a thorough evaluation of safety performance of the contractor is carried out. Cairo Sulfur Products has a strict policy of informing the contractors of known potential hazards related to the contractors work and the processes. Contractors are also informed of all the procedures for emergency response should an accidental release of a regulated substance occur.
5. Five-year Accident History
Cairo Sulfur Products has had an excellent record of preventing accidental releases over the last 5 years. Due to our stringent release prevention policies, No accidental releases have occurred during this period.
6. Emergency Response Plan
Cairo Sulfur Products carries a written emergency response plan to deal with accidental releases
of hazardous materials. The plan includes all aspects of emergency response including adequate first aid and medical treatment, evacuations, notification of local emergency response agencies and the public, as well as post-incident decontamination of affected areas.
To ensure proper functioning, our emergency response equipment is regularly inspected and serviced. In addition, the plan is promptly updated to reflect any pertinent changes taking place within our processes that would require a modified emergency response.
7. Planned Changes to Improve Safety
Several developments and findings have resulted from the implementation of the various elements of our accidental release prevention program. Secondary containment and monitoring are some of the major steps we want to take to improve safety at our facility. These changes are expected to be implemented by the end of year 2000.
8. Certification Statement
The undersigned certifies that to the best of my knowledge, informat
ion, and belief, formed after reasonable inquiry, the information submitted is true, accurate and complete.
Name: Timothy J. Haniford
Title: Plant Manager
Date signed:June 11, 1999