S38 Hazel Chlorine Station - Executive Summary
Sacramento County Water Quality Division has instituted a Risk Management Program for their wastewater collection facility, Hazel Chlorination Station (S38), as required by Federal Accidental Release Prevention (ARP) Program regulations at 40 CFR Part 68. The Risk Management Program identifies the equipment, procedures, maintenance, inspection, and training associated with Regulated Substances (RS's) handled at this facility in excess of Federal threshold quantities; describes the structured assessment of hazards which was conducted to assess possible effects on employees and offsite public and environmental receptors; provides the results of an offsite consequences analysis; defines a prevention program, emergency response program, and mitigation measures to reduce the probability and magnitude of accidental releases of RS's; and establishes a schedule and responsibilities for implementation of mitigation measures and auditing of program elements. This Risk Management Plan (RMP) is |
being filed as required by ARP regulations in order to report the elements of the current Risk Management Program and to describe further measures planned to mitigate or prevent accidental releases of RS's.
STATIONARY SOURCE AND REGULATED SUBSTANCES HANDLED
Sacramento County Water Quality Division operates and maintains the regional wastewater collection system outside the City of Sacramento, and also operates and maintains the chlorination process for numerous water wells and two water treatment plants owned by other County agencies. Its wastewater collection facility, Hazel Chlorination Station (S38), is located at east of Hazel Ave just north of Folsom Blvd., Rancho Cordova, CA in Sacramento County, and uses chlorine, a RS, for odor control in quantities greater than the Federal threshold quantity for this RS. There are no full-time employees at this site. Operators visit the site on a regular basis and also respond to alarm conditions.
Chlorine is received in ton containe
rs by truck, handled with an electric hoist, and stored trunnions inside the building. The chlorine is used for odor control of the wastewater pumped through a force main. Pressurized chlorine gas within a ton container is withdrawn under pressure and piped to a chlorinator where the gas pressure is reduced to vacuum. From there, the chlorine under vacuum is metered through rate valves and rotameters in the chlorinator and drawn into water solution by the passage of pressurized water through an injector.
ACCIDENTAL RELEASE PREVENTION AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE POLICIES
It is the policy of Sacramento County Water Quality Division that the receipt, storage and handling of chlorine at its facility be done in a manner which meets regulatory requirements and minimizes the probability and severity of accidental releases of chlorine to the atmosphere, in order to protect the health and safety of its workers, the public, and the environment. In order to accomplish this goal, Sacramento Count
y Water Quality Division has gathered safety information on chlorine and on the process, equipment and procedures involving chlorine; performed a structured assessment of hazards of the process and external events which might affect the process; performed an offsite consequences analysis of defined release scenarios; established a written program for prevention and mitigation of accidental releases; and established a written emergency response program coordinated with emergency response agencies.
WORST CASE RELEASE SCENARIO
A single "worst case" release scenario is required to be considered for each stationary source, resulting in the maximum distance to an endpoint for all toxic RS's contained on site above the threshold quantity.
The worst case release scenario for toxic chemicals is defined in the ARP regulations as the release of the contents of the largest single container of RS (in this case chlorine) over a period of 10 minutes. The scenario considered the release of the conte
nts of the largest container of chlorine on site, in this case 2000 lb. This release scenario is not physically possible, due to the characteristics of chlorine.
ALTERNATIVE CASE RELEASE SCENARIO
An "alternative case" release scenario is required to be considered for each toxic RS handled in quantities greater than the threshold quantity at the site.
The "alternative case" scenario is described in the ARP regulations as a likely release resulting in offsite effects, considering administrative controls and mitigation measures in place, and is to be determined by the facility operators as part of the Process Hazard Analysis required to be performed during RMP development. The "alternative case" considered for this facility is the release of chlorine from the gas valve of a ton container due to an operator error during hookup, with the release secured by emergency responders by closing the gas valve after 30 minutes.
Administrative controls in effect at Sacra
mento County Water Quality Division which were considered to mitigate the severity of the Worst Case and Alternative Case release scenarios include Sacramento County Water Quality Division's written policies and procedures for training of operators and maintenance personnel, written procedures for control of the inventory of chlorine at the facility, and policies regarding quality level of replacement materials and components for the chlorine system.
No mitigation measures were considered to limit the severity of the Worst Case scenario. No passive mitigation measures were considered to limit the severity of the Alternative Case scenario. Active mitigation was considered for the Alternative Case, in the form of the timely response of properly trained and equipped personnel following established emergency response procedures.
GENERAL ACCIDENTAL RELEASE PREVENTION PROGRAMS
General accidental release prevention programs instituted by Sacramento County Water Quali
ty Division are categorized as administrative (management) programs; procedures, training, and engineering controls; and emergency response programs.
Sacramento County Water Quality Division has instituted a Process Safety Management (PSM) Program meeting OSHA requirements at 29 CFR 1910.119 covering its odor control process. This constitutes the general accidental release prevention program for Sacramento County Water Quality Division's operations. The program and document management procedures included in the PSM Program will be used as the management system for the Risk Management Program.
CHEMICAL-SPECIFIC RELEASE PREVENTION STEPS
Release prevention steps specific to chlorine have been identified and implemented. These include, among other things, installing seismic restraints for the ton containers.
FIVE YEAR ACCIDENT HISTORY
There have been no accidents involving chlorine at this facility within the past five years resulting in injuries or offsite consequences.
Sacramento County Water Quality Division's Emergency Response Program applicable to chlorine has been coordinated with Sacramento County Environmental Management Department, Hazardous Materials Division, the local agency responsible for hazardous materials inventory reporting and release response coordination. Sacramento County Water Quality Division maintains First Responder capability with respect to chlorine releases at sites which it operates and maintains.
PLANNED CHANGES TO IMPROVE SAFETY
All of the improvements and mitigation measures identified in the process hazard analysis which Sacramento County Water Quality Division committed to accomplish have been completed or are in progress. Chlorine pressure piping is being removed, container-mounted vacuum regulators are being installed and the chlorinators are being changed to remote vacuum type. Any other measures identified by employees during workplace hazard surveys, or as a result of audit activities, wil
l be thoroughly reviewed and considered for implementation.