George Hugh Connelly Water Treatment Plant - Executive Summary

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Accidental Release Prevention and Emergency Response Policies 
The George Hugh Connelly Water Treatment Plant located at 621 Hwy. 121 in Silverstreet, South Carolina, brings water in from the Saluda River sends it through the flocculation and sedimentation and filtration processes, adds chemical additives, and then sends it off for distribution.  The RMP regulations cover the chlorination process at this facility.  The chlorination system provides destruction of pathogenic microorganisms in the water. 
It is the George Hugh Connelly Water Treatment Plant's policy to adhere to all applicable federal and state rules and regulations.  Safety depends on the manner in which we handle chlorine, the safety devices inherent in the design of this facility, the safe handling procedures that we use, and the training of our personnel.  
The Stationary Source and Regulated Substances Handled 
An evaluation of the chemical usage, accident history, and worst-case release scenario a 
t the George Hugh Connelly Water Treatment Plant indicates that Program 3 requirements of the Risk Management Program (RMP) apply to this plant.  The George Hugh Connelly Water Treatment Plant has the potential to maintain up to 12,000 pounds of Chlorine, CAS Number 7782-50-5, at the plant at one time.  This is in excess of the threshold value for RMP applicability.  The threshold value for Chlorine is 2,000 pounds.  The George Hugh Connelly Water Treatment Plant maintains no other regulated substances above the threshold value for RMP applicability. 
The Worst-Case Release Scenario and the Alternative Release Scenario, Including Administrative Controls and Mitigation Measures to Limit the Distances for Each Reported Scenario 
Worst-Case Scenario -  The worst-case release scenario would be the loss of the entire contents of a 1-ton cylinder of chlorine over a period of 10 minutes.  A total of 1,650 pounds of chlorine is assumed to be released into the atmosphere.  The distance to the e 
nd point for worst case scenario is 2.8 miles.  Impacts from a release of chlorine will impact both Saluda and Newberry Counties.  However, this scenario is highly unlikely and is reported here only as required by provisions of the RMP regulations.  A much more realistic scenario is presented as the alternative release scenario. 
Alternative Release Scenario -  The alternative release scenario is based on a vapor release of chlorine as a result of shearing off a valve at the top of the tank.  A total of 1,650 pounds of chlorine is assumed to be released into the atmosphere, but over 11 minutes.  The distance to the end point for the alternative release scenario is only 1.6 miles. Impacts from a release of chlorine will impact both Saluda and Newberry Counties. 
The General Accidental Release Prevention Program and Specific Prevention Steps 
The George Hugh Connelly Water Treatment Plant has in place a prevention program encompassing elements consistent with the Occupational Safety and  
Health Administration (OSHA) Process Safety Management (PSM) standard for Highly Hazardous Chemicals (29 CFR 1910.119).  Chlorine is also regulated under the U.S. EPA Clean Air Act 112(r)(7) Accidental Release Prevention Requirements, Risk Management Programs (RMP) (40 CFR Part 68). 
The Water Treatment Facility, which is covered under the PSM and RMP standards, has implemented the following: 
1.  Process Hazard Analysis (PHA) is conducted to identify and analyze the potential hazards associated with the processing or handling of highly hazardous chemicals. 
2.  Operating procedures that describe tasks to be performed, operating conditions to be maintained, data to be recorded, and safety precautions to be taken, have been prepared. 
3.   For new processes, a pre-startup review is conducted to ensure a safe transition into the normal operating mode. 
4.  A mechanical integrity program is in place to ensure the integrity of process equipment.  It mandates that all maintenance personnel  
are trained and that the equipment is tested and inspected as recommended. 
5.  A hot work permit system is in place to manage all hot work operations conducted on or near a covered process. 
6.  To properly manage changes involving processes, chemicals, technology, equipment or facilities, a management of change system has been implemented. 
7.  An emergency response program is in place for the entire facility in the event of a chemical release. 
8.  A comprehensive Process Safety Information program, has been implemented to ensure complete and accurate written information concerning process chemicals, process technology, and process equipment.  This information is included in the employee training programs.  
9.  The Water Treatment Plant has established employee training programs to ensure that all employees, including maintenance and contractor employees involved with chemicals, fully understand the potential hazards of each chemical.   
10.  Contractors are thoroughly evaluated to 
ensure that they have the appropriate job skills, knowledge, and certifications to perform the job safely. 
11.  An Employee Participation policy has been implemented to regularly consult with employees regarding the development and implementation of PSM/RMP elements and hazard assessments. 
12.  Compliance audits are performed to review all relevant documentation, verify process safety information, inspect the physical facilities and conduct interviews with representative plant personnel. 
Five Year Accident History 
During the past five years the George Hugh Connelly Water Treatment Plant has had no chemical releases which created an emergency situation outside the plant boundaries nor resulted in any deaths, injuries, or significant property damage onsite or known offsite deaths, injuries, evacuations, sheltering in place, property damage or environmental damage. 
The Emergency Response Program 
The George Hugh Connelly Water Treatment Plant has "Emergency Procedures" in place to i 
nform the employee how to communicate with local agencies and how to respond to an accidental release.  Plant personnel are trained in emergency procedures and emergency notifications.  Trained personnel respond to emergencies in their area with the local fire department as a back up.  We have discussed this program with the county Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC) and the City fire department to insure good communication and operational effectiveness. 
Planned Changes to Improve Safety 
The George Hugh Connelly Water Treatment Plant plans to continue to evaluate the regulated process as required under the PSM/RMP standards to insure safe operations.
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