Bridge City Wastewater Treatment Plant - Executive Summary
Executive Summary |
This document was developed to comply with the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's)
Risk Management Program II, under Section 112 (r) of the Clean Air Act (CAA) Amendments of
1990, 40 CFR Part 68. An outline of the Risk Management Program is provided in Figure ES-1.
The disinfection process (i.e., chlorine system) is covered under this regulation at the Jefferson
Parish Bridge City Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP).
To meet the regulation requirements, this binder contains useful information on the chlorine
system. The technical information herein may be used as a training reference in initial and
recurring operator and maintenance training. Training on process fundamentals, operations, and maintenance, coupled with the
recommended process modifications discussed below, will reduce the potential
hazards to plant personnel and the surrounding community. An Emergency Response Program and an
Incident Investigation Program are included.
These two programs should be an integral part of both initial and
recurring training. A Risk Management Plan (RMP), in the format required by the EPA, is included at
the end of the main body of this document. It consists of a summary of data elements as required by EPA for inclusion in a
public access database.
The RMP is intended to inform the public of the Bridge City WWTP's proactive stance toward protection
of the environment and the surrounding community.
The Hazard Assessment is comprised of a Worst Case and Alternative Release Scenario for the
chlorine system, as well as a 5-Year Accident History for the same. The Hazard Assessment was
conducted as an initial screening procedure as part of determining which Program Level (I, II, or
III) the Bridge City WWTP falls. Residences lie within the EPA-defined endpoint concentrations
of the plant's Worst-Case releases. Therefore, the plant is ineligible for Program I. The Bridge
y WWTP is operated by public personnel and therefore excluded from Program III. The
Bridge City WWTP is included in Risk Management Program II. The Hazard Assessment is
provided in Sections 1 through 3.
Worst Case Scenario
The Worst Case Scenario is defined as a ton container (2,000 pounds) of chlorine being released
by a catastrophic event within a 10 minute duration. This scenario was developed and modeled
using the EPA approved RMP Comp model. The toxic endpoint for chlorine was determined to
be 1.3 miles by RMP Comp at the 3 ppm concentration specified by the EPA. It should be noted
that at this concentration, a person may be exposed for up to one hour without suffering
permanent injuries (ERPG-2).
Alternative Release Scenario
The Alternative Release Scenario (ARS) of chlorine was also modeled using RMP Comp. An
estimation of approximately 348 pounds of chlorine gas released was derived from the scenario
of a vacuum regulator check unit failure. The
toxic end point for the ARS was determined to be
0.30 miles by RMP Comp.
5 Year Accident History
No accidents have been reported in the last five years.
The Management Program consists of the Document Management System described below:
Document Management System
A Document Management System was established to attribute responsibility for the
development, implementation, and maintenance of the Risk Management Program. The
Program must be updated every three years, or any time a covered process undergoes a physical
or administrative modification. The Document Management System is largely a function of the
Risk Management Program Team, described below in Table ES-1.
Risk Management Program Team
Table ES-1 lists the employees responsible for the Risk Management Program development,
implementation, and maintenance. The Plant Superintendent has the ultimate responsibility.
The Prevention Program is more appropriatel
entitled the Accidental Release Prevention
Program. It is comprised of Safety
Information, Hazard Review, Operating
Procedures, Training, Maintenance, Incident
Investigation, and Compliance Audit
procedures. Each has an entire chapter
devoted to it in this RMP, and is described in
more detail below.
Safety Information is divided between
Chemical Safety Information and Process Safety Information. Each is briefly described below.
Chemical Safety Information
Comprehensive chemical data is provided in this section to include; regulatory reporting action
thresholds, health hazard and chemical exposure limitations, as well as physical properties of
chlorine. This information was compiled from numerous sources, and is intended to be a one-stop source for the reader seeking data on this compound. The physical data will provide useful
information in the inevitable event the plant process is modified, thereby requiring revisited
gas dispersion modeling. It is also imperative that plant operators and managers are
appraised of the potential health hazards and exposure limits associated with this chemical.
Process Safety Information
Process Safety Information was meticulously compiled on each system studied. Basic
specifications on each process are included in this document for easy reference. Details such as
Maximum Intended Inventory, Safe Upper and Lower Temperatures, Safe Upper and Lower
Pressures, and Codes and Standards Used to Design, Build and Operate the Process are
provided in this section. Used as a training reference, together with the Process Schematics, the
reader will readily understand the function and operation of the plant chlorine system.
A Hazard Review was also conducted for the chlorine system. The Hazard Review technique
used was a hybrid Hazard and Operability Study (HAZOP), in the form of a "What If" analysis.
The "What If" was developed from HAZO
P experience at similar chlorine systems. The Hazard
Review team consisted of plant management, process operating and maintenance experts,
outside process design engineers, and consultants knowledgeable in the Hazard Review process
The result of the Hazard Review is a set of recommendations for the plant to implement. Rule
40 CFR 68.50 requires Jefferson Parish to ensure that problems identified are "resolved in a
timely manner." For those items that can not be promptly resolved, it is recommended that a
schedule be developed that addresses those issues, with responsibility for each assigned to the
Please note that these are not the recommendations of Camp Dresser & McKee, Inc. Rather,
they are recommendations developed by the Hazard Review Team with a consensus from all
team members. CDM's role was to facilitate the Hazard Review process.
Recommendations are summarized below:
~ Conduct feasibility study
regarding the use of alternative disinfectants and/or installation of
a chlorine scrubbing system.
~ Evaluate possible structural protection for the chlorine storage room (bollards, curbs, etc.).
~ Evaluate ton cylinder scale modifications alternatives.
~ Locate chlorine detector outside under/near vent tubing.
~ Label piping with contents and flow arrows.
~ Develop emergency response plan.
Basic chlorine system operating procedures have been developed and documented for the
facility. They provide system descriptions, specifications, and operating procedures for the
chlorine gas system. Procedures include Start-up, Shutdown, Normal, Abnormal, and
Emergency Operation. Also included are Troubleshooting Procedures.
Training is required by the EPA to be included in the Risk Management Program. A program
has been developed with guidelines on how to conduct regular and structured plant training.
Training Record Forms are incl
uded with the Program for the required documentation.
Additionally, a Training Record has been compiled and included for all affected personnel
associated with the covered processes.
Basic chlorine system maintenance procedures have been developed with associated
documentation forms. Sound preventive maintenance will reduce potential hazards to personnel
onsite, as well as to the off-site public. In the event of an inspection or compliance review, state
and federal regulators will request to see documentation and record keeping associated with the
An Incident Investigation Program has also been developed. The EPA has established strict
guidelines to follow in the aftermath of any release involving the chlorine system. The Incident
Investigation Program outlines key milestones that must be accomplished within 24 hours of
any covered incident, and the actions that must occur subsequently. Ultimately, it
is desired that
the plant learns from the incident and takes action to prevent similar incidents in the future.
Incident Investigation Report Forms are included, and must be maintained for a minimum of
five years after each incident.
Internal Compliance Audits must be conducted every three years to verify compliance with the
programs and procedures contained in this document. The Plant Manager must certify that the
Risk Management Program team has evaluated compliance with the provisions of the Program,
and verify that the procedures and practices are adequate and are being followed. Audit Report
Forms are provided, the two most recent of which must always be maintained. This means that
in the year 2006, the Compliance Audit Report for the year 2000 may be discarded.
Emergency Response Program
The Emergency Response Program is included as part of the Risk Management Program, in case
a significant release ever occurs. As in all the above pr
ograms, it is important to review this
program regularly. The Rule, 40 CFR 68.95 requires training for all employees "in relevant
procedures" of the Emergency Response Program.
It is recommended that training on the specific plant safety procedures take place upon initial
employment and every year thereafter, as with most of the other RMP training programs. Other
training recommendations, i.e., OSHA 8, 24, and 40 hour training are discussed in the
Emergency Response Program as appropriate to the level of response.
Risk Management Plan
A copy of the Risk Management Plan (EPA Submittal) is provided in Section 12. As stated
previously, this document is public information. Following submission to the EPA, the
information will be uploaded on a public-access database. Only the Executive Summary and the
Risk Management Plan - Section 12 of the Bridge City WWTP Risk Management Program must
be made available to the public.
Summary of Action Items for the Bridge
City Wastewater Treatment Plant
The RMP Rule, 40 CFR 68.42 requires that details of all accidental releases be recorded from this
date forward. The format details are provided in Sections 2 and 10.
The RMP Rule, 40 CFR 68.15 requires that the Document Management System (e.g., the RMP
Team) be updated anytime personnel changes or administrative changes are made that would
affect the lines of authority or responsibility for maintaining the RMP at the Bridge City WWTP.
The format details are provided in Section 3.
The RMP Rule, 40 CFR 68.54 requires that each employee presently operating a process, and
each employee newly assigned to a covered process be trained or tested competent in the
operating procedures. As an alternative, Jefferson Parish may certify in writing that the
employee has the required knowledge, skills, and abilities to safely carry out the duties and
responsibilities as provided in the operating procedures. Training documentation forms are
vided in Section 8. CDM facilitated the development of operating procedures for the facility,
and they are provided in Section 6. These operating procedures may be used as training guides
The RMP Rule, 40 CFR 68.56 also requires training on the plant maintenance procedures.
Maintenance guidance is provided in Section 7. Jefferson Parish must train or cause to be
trained each employee involved in maintaining the on-going mechanical integrity of the process.
To ensure that the employee can perform the job tasks in a safe manner, each such employee
must be trained in the hazards of the process, in how to avoid or correct unsafe conditions, and
in the procedures applicable to the employee's job tasks. Refresher training on operating and
maintenance procedures must be provided every three years. Training documentation forms are
provided in Section 8.
The RMP Rule, 40 CFR 68.60 requires incident investigations not later than 24 hours following
ident. That guidance is provided in Section 9.
The RMP Rule, 40 CFR 68.58 requires Jefferson Parish to certify compliance with RMP Accident
Prevention Program provisions at least every three years to verify that the procedures and
practices developed under the rule are adequate and are being followed. That guidance, along
with Compliance Audit forms, is provided in Section 8.
The Rule, 40 CFR 68.95 requires training for all employees "in relevant procedures" of the
Emergency Response Program. It is recommended that training on the specific plant procedures
take place upon initial employment and every year thereafter, as with most of the other RMP
training programs. Other training recommendations, i.e., OSHA 8, 24, and 40 hour training are
discussed in the Emergency Response Program as appropriate to the level of response. The
Emergency Response Program is discussed in Section 11. Training documentation forms are
provided in Section 10.
Jefferson Parish must
submit the Risk Management Plan (RMP) to the appropriate agency by
June 21, 1999. The RMP is a summary of the Program, and is located in Section 12. The RMP will
be submitted electronically using EPA's RMP Submit software.
Bridge City Wastewater Treatment Plant: LAN# 30331