Bridge City Wastewater Treatment Plant - Executive Summary

| Accident History | Chemicals | Emergency Response | Registration | Source | Executive Summary |

 Executive Summary 
 This document was developed to comply with the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) 
 Risk Management Program II, under Section 112 (r) of the Clean Air Act (CAA) Amendments of 
 1990, 40 CFR Part 68. An outline of the Risk Management Program is provided in Figure ES-1.  
 The disinfection process (i.e., chlorine system) is covered under this regulation at the Jefferson 
 Parish Bridge City Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP). 
 To meet the regulation requirements, this binder contains useful information on the chlorine 
 system.  The technical information herein may be used as a training reference in initial and 
 recurring operator and maintenance training.  Training on process fundamentals, operations, and  maintenance, coupled with the 
 recommended process modifications discussed below, will reduce the potential 
 hazards to plant personnel and the surrounding community. An Emergency Response Program and an 
 Incident Investigation Program are included.  
These two programs should be an integral part of both initial and 
 recurring training. A Risk Management Plan (RMP), in the format required by the EPA, is included at 
 the end of the main body of this document.  It consists of a summary of data elements as required by EPA for inclusion in a 
 public access database.   
 The RMP is intended to inform the public of the Bridge City WWTP's proactive stance toward protection  
 of the environment and the surrounding community.  
 Hazard Assessment 
 The Hazard Assessment is comprised of a Worst Case and Alternative Release Scenario for the 
 chlorine system, as well as a 5-Year Accident History for the same.  The Hazard Assessment was 
 conducted as an initial screening procedure as part of determining which Program Level (I, II, or 
 III) the Bridge City WWTP falls.  Residences lie within the EPA-defined endpoint concentrations 
 of the plant's Worst-Case releases.  Therefore, the plant is ineligible for Program I.  The Bridge 
y WWTP is operated by public personnel and therefore excluded from Program III.  The 
 Bridge City WWTP is included in Risk Management Program II.  The Hazard Assessment is 
 provided in Sections 1 through 3. 
 Worst Case Scenario 
 The Worst Case Scenario is defined as a ton container (2,000 pounds) of chlorine being released 
 by a catastrophic event within a 10 minute duration.  This scenario was developed and modeled 
 using the EPA approved RMP Comp model. The toxic endpoint for chlorine was determined to 
 be 1.3 miles by RMP Comp at the 3 ppm concentration specified by the EPA.  It should be noted 
 that at this concentration, a person may be exposed for up to one hour without suffering 
 permanent injuries (ERPG-2). 
 Alternative Release Scenario 
 The Alternative Release Scenario (ARS) of chlorine was also modeled using RMP Comp. An 
 estimation of approximately 348 pounds of chlorine gas released was derived from the scenario 
 of a vacuum regulator check unit failure.  The 
toxic end point for the ARS was determined to be 
 0.30 miles by RMP Comp. 
 5 Year Accident History 
 No accidents have been reported in the last five years. 
 Management Program 
 The Management Program consists of the Document Management System described below: 
 Document Management System 
 A Document Management System was established to attribute responsibility for the 
 development, implementation, and maintenance of the Risk Management Program. The 
 Program must be updated every three years, or any time a covered process undergoes a physical 
 or administrative modification.  The Document Management System is largely a function of the 
 Risk Management Program Team, described below in Table ES-1. 
 Risk Management Program Team 
 Table ES-1 lists the employees responsible for the Risk Management Program development, 
 implementation, and maintenance. The Plant Superintendent has the ultimate responsibility. 
 Prevention Program 
 The Prevention Program is more appropriatel 

 entitled the Accidental Release Prevention 
 Program.  It is comprised of Safety 
 Information, Hazard Review, Operating 
 Procedures, Training, Maintenance, Incident 
 Investigation, and Compliance Audit 
 procedures.  Each has an entire chapter 
 devoted to it in this RMP, and is described in 
 more detail below. 
 Safety Information 
 Safety Information is divided between 
 Chemical Safety Information and Process Safety Information.  Each is briefly described below. 
 Chemical Safety Information 
 Comprehensive chemical data is provided in this section to include;  regulatory reporting action 
 thresholds, health hazard and chemical exposure limitations, as well as physical properties of 
 chlorine. This information was compiled from numerous sources, and is intended to be a one-stop source for the reader seeking data on this compound. The physical data will provide useful 
 information in the inevitable event the plant process is modified, thereby requiring revisited 
gas dispersion modeling.  It is also imperative that plant operators and managers are 
 appraised of the potential health hazards and exposure limits associated with this chemical. 
 Process Safety Information 
 Process Safety Information was meticulously compiled on each system studied. Basic 
 specifications on each process are included in this document for easy reference. Details such as 
 Maximum Intended Inventory, Safe Upper and Lower Temperatures, Safe Upper and Lower 
 Pressures, and Codes and Standards Used to Design, Build and Operate the Process are 
 provided in this section. Used as a training reference, together with the Process Schematics, the 
 reader will readily understand the function and operation of the plant chlorine system. 
 Hazard Review 
 A Hazard Review was also conducted for the chlorine system.  The Hazard Review technique 
 used was a hybrid Hazard and Operability Study (HAZOP), in the form of a "What If" analysis. 
 The "What If" was developed from HAZO 
P experience at similar chlorine systems. The Hazard 
 Review team consisted of plant management, process operating and maintenance experts, 
 outside process design engineers, and consultants knowledgeable in the Hazard Review process 
 The result of the Hazard Review is a set of recommendations for the plant to implement.  Rule 
 40 CFR 68.50 requires Jefferson Parish to ensure that problems identified are "resolved in a 
 timely manner."  For those items that can not be promptly resolved, it is recommended that a 
 schedule be developed that addresses those issues, with responsibility for each assigned to the 
 appropriate personnel.   
 Please note that these are not the recommendations of Camp Dresser & McKee, Inc.  Rather, 
 they are recommendations developed by the Hazard Review Team with a consensus from all 
 team members.  CDM's role was to facilitate the Hazard Review process.  
 Recommendations are summarized below: 
 ~ Conduct feasibility study  
regarding the use of alternative disinfectants and/or installation of 
     a chlorine scrubbing system. 
 ~ Evaluate possible structural protection for the chlorine storage room (bollards, curbs, etc.). 
 ~ Evaluate ton cylinder scale modifications alternatives. 
 ~ Locate chlorine detector outside under/near vent tubing. 
 ~ Label piping with contents and flow arrows. 
 ~ Develop emergency response plan. 
 Operating Procedures 
 Basic chlorine system operating procedures have been developed and documented for the 
 facility. They provide system descriptions, specifications, and operating procedures for the 
 chlorine gas system. Procedures include Start-up, Shutdown, Normal, Abnormal, and 
 Emergency Operation. Also included are Troubleshooting Procedures. 
 Training is required by the EPA to be included in the Risk Management Program. A program 
 has been developed with guidelines on how to conduct regular and structured plant training. 
 Training Record Forms are incl 
uded with the Program for the required documentation. 
 Additionally, a Training Record has been compiled and included for all affected personnel 
 associated with the covered processes. 
 Basic chlorine system maintenance procedures have been developed with associated 
 documentation forms. Sound preventive maintenance will reduce potential hazards to personnel 
 onsite, as well as to the off-site public.  In the event of an inspection or compliance review, state 
 and federal regulators will request to see documentation and record keeping associated with the 
 Maintenance Program.  
 Incident Investigation 
 An Incident Investigation Program has also been developed. The EPA has established strict 
 guidelines to follow in the aftermath of any release involving the chlorine system. The Incident 
 Investigation Program outlines key milestones that must be accomplished within 24 hours of 
 any covered incident, and the actions that must occur subsequently. Ultimately, it 
is desired that 
 the plant learns from the incident and takes action to prevent similar incidents in the future. 
 Incident Investigation Report Forms are included, and must be maintained for a minimum of 
 five years after each incident. 
 Compliance Audits 
 Internal Compliance Audits must be conducted every three years to verify compliance with the 
 programs and procedures contained in this document. The Plant Manager must certify that the 
 Risk Management Program team has evaluated compliance with the provisions of the Program, 
 and verify that the procedures and practices are adequate and are being followed. Audit Report 
 Forms are provided, the two most recent of which must always be maintained. This means that 
 in the year 2006, the Compliance Audit Report for the year 2000 may be discarded. 
 Emergency Response Program 
 The Emergency Response Program is included as part of the Risk Management Program, in case 
 a significant release ever occurs. As in all the above pr 
ograms, it is important to review this 
 program regularly. The Rule, 40 CFR 68.95 requires training for all employees "in relevant 
 procedures" of the Emergency Response Program. 
 It is recommended that training on the specific plant safety procedures take place upon initial 
 employment and every year thereafter, as with most of the other RMP training programs.  Other 
 training recommendations, i.e., OSHA 8, 24, and 40 hour training are discussed in the 
 Emergency Response Program as appropriate to the level of response. 
 Risk Management Plan 
 A copy of the Risk Management Plan (EPA Submittal) is provided in Section 12.  As stated 
 previously, this document is public information.  Following submission to the EPA, the 
 information will be uploaded on a public-access database.  Only the Executive Summary and the 
 Risk Management Plan - Section 12 of the Bridge City WWTP Risk Management Program must 
 be made available to the public.  
 Summary of Action Items for the Bridge  
City Wastewater Treatment Plant 
 The RMP Rule, 40 CFR 68.42 requires that details of all accidental releases be recorded from this 
 date forward.  The format details are provided in Sections 2 and 10. 
 The RMP Rule, 40 CFR 68.15 requires that the Document Management System (e.g., the RMP 
 Team) be updated anytime personnel changes or administrative changes are made that would 
 affect the lines of authority or responsibility for maintaining the RMP at the Bridge City WWTP. 
 The format details are provided in Section 3. 
 The RMP Rule, 40 CFR 68.54 requires that each employee presently operating a process, and 
 each employee newly assigned to a covered process be trained or tested competent in the 
 operating procedures.  As an alternative, Jefferson Parish may certify in writing that the 
 employee has the required knowledge, skills, and abilities to safely carry out the duties and 
 responsibilities as provided in the operating procedures.  Training documentation forms are 
vided in Section 8.  CDM facilitated the development of operating procedures for the facility, 
 and they are provided in Section 6.  These operating procedures may be used as training guides 
 as well.  
 The RMP Rule, 40 CFR 68.56 also requires training on the plant maintenance procedures.  
 Maintenance guidance is provided in Section 7.  Jefferson Parish must train or cause to be 
 trained each employee involved in maintaining the on-going mechanical integrity of the process.  
 To ensure that the employee can perform the job tasks in a safe manner, each such employee 
 must be trained in the hazards of the process, in how to avoid or correct unsafe conditions, and 
 in the procedures applicable to the employee's job tasks.  Refresher training on operating and 
 maintenance procedures must be provided every three years. Training documentation forms are 
 provided in Section 8. 
 The RMP Rule, 40 CFR 68.60 requires incident investigations not later than 24 hours following 
 each inc 
ident. That guidance is provided in Section 9. 
 The RMP Rule, 40 CFR 68.58 requires Jefferson Parish to certify compliance with RMP Accident 
 Prevention Program provisions at least every three years to verify that the procedures and 
 practices developed under the rule are adequate and are being followed.  That guidance, along 
 with Compliance Audit forms, is provided in Section 8. 
 The Rule, 40 CFR 68.95 requires training for all employees "in relevant procedures" of the 
 Emergency Response Program.  It is recommended that training on the specific plant procedures 
 take place upon initial employment and every year thereafter, as with most of the other RMP 
 training programs.  Other training recommendations, i.e., OSHA 8, 24, and 40 hour training are 
 discussed in the Emergency Response Program as appropriate to the level of response. The 
 Emergency Response Program is discussed in Section 11.  Training documentation forms are 
 provided in Section 10. 
 Jefferson Parish must  
submit the Risk Management Plan (RMP) to the appropriate agency by 
 June 21, 1999.  The RMP is a summary of the Program, and is located in Section 12. The RMP will 
 be submitted electronically using EPA's RMP Submit software. 
 Bridge City Wastewater Treatment Plant: LAN# 30331
Click to return to beginning