Albert R. Davis Water Treatment Plant - Executive Summary

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The accidental release prevention and emergency response policies at the facility: 
The City of Austin Water & Wastewater Utility (Utility) owns and operates the Albert R. Davis Water Treatment Plant. The Utility's mission is that it will protect our community's public health and environment by effective management of our water resources.   
The Davis Water Treatment Plant has established an effective chemical release prevention and emergency response plan.  It is the policy of the Davis Water Treatment Plant to take all necessary actions to prevent the release of a hazardous chemical.  Even with an effective prevention program in place, a chemical release incident may still be a remote possibility.  Through planning, procedures, training, monitoring, and mitigation systems, the facility is prepared to promptly perform emergency actions to minimize and conta 
in the release of a hazardous chemical.  Highly trained Davis Water Treatment Plant technicians with the aid of City of Austin Fire Department Hazardous Materials Team are prepared to respond to the scene, evacuate the immediate area (if necessary), and control a release.  
The facility and the regulated substance handled: 
The Davis Water Treatment Plant provides safe drinking water to citizens, businesses, and industries of the City of Austin.  In the process of producing safe drinking water, the regulated chemicals, chlorine and anhydrous ammonia, are used and stored at the facility to disinfect the water from microbial contamination.  Chlorine liquefied under pressure is delivered in one ton containers.  A maximum of 35 containers are stored in a specially designed storage building.  Ammonia is stored at the facility in a specially designed storage building in two 2000-gallon tanks, which are filled no greater than 80% of the tank's capacity. The administrative controls placed on t 
he amount of chemicals stored allow the facility to maintain safe operating and design conditions. 
The worst-case release scenario(s) and the alternative release scenario(s): 
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines a "worse-case" scenario as the release over a 10-minute period of the largest amount of a listed chemical under very extreme weather conditions and with the total, simultaneous failure of all active safety and emergency backup systems and personnel.  The probability of this scenario is so extremely remote that EPA's basic intention is to identify any potential offsite impacts.  The facility defines its worst case scenario as the total release of a one ton chlorine cylinder due to impact without consideration of an enclosure or other mitigation system.  The EPA developed model, RMP* Comp Version 1.06, was used to calculate endpoint distances as reported in the plan.  The facility reports that the potential for offsite public and environment impact exists. 
The EPA 
requires facilities to plan for more realistic "alternative-release" scenarios.  The EPA characterizes an alternative release scenario as "more likely to occur than the worst-case scenario" and allows sites to include active and passive control/mitigation systems and more realistic weather conditions in the assumptions.  
The ammonia and chlorine storage facilities are specifically designed to limit the release of the process chemicals.  The design includes both active and passive mitigation systems.  The passive mitigation systems include enclosures and sumps.  The active mitigation systems include sprinkler and scrubber systems.  The process controls used include alarms, gas leak detection systems, manual shut-off, and emergency power. The ammonia and chlorine scrubber systems are designed to neutralize the release of hazardous chemicals.  The facility defines the alternative case scenario for chlorine and ammonia as a flexible tubing/valve leak occurring inside a storage building w 
ith the consideration of active and passive mitigation systems.  Active and passive mitigation systems are design to contain or neutralize alternative scenario releases. The EPA developed model, RMP* Comp Version 1.06, was used to calculate endpoint distances as reported in the plan.  The facility reports that the potential for offsite public impact exists due to a minimum reportable distance of 0.1 miles.   
The general accidental release prevention program and chemical-specific prevention steps: 
Davis Water Treatment Plant complies with the Rules and Regulations for Public Water Systems issued by the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC).  The rules require water treatment plants to be operated under the supervision of licensed personnel. The rules also require the facility to construct, maintain, and operate the chemical facilities in accordance with OSHA, ASTM, ANSI, and ASME Standards.  These rules are intended to ensure safe operation of the facility.   
The Dav 
is Water Treatment Plant has established a comprehensive accidental release prevention program.  The prevention program is intended to assure that facility designs and procedures are reviewed and conform to safe design principles and practices.  The operations, maintenance, and training program elements assure that the processes are within the safe design and operating conditions.  Highly trained employees are on duty 24 hours per day to inspect, maintain, and operate the process chemical systems.  Operational, maintenance, and emergency response procedures are periodically reviewed and updated.  The facility has an established training program that consists of classroom, on-the-job, and demonstration training.  The facility has an established maintenance program that requires equipment identification, testing and inspections, preventative maintenance, training, and documentation.  This is accomplished with the assistance of Year 2000 compliant maintenance software. 
The five-year hist 
The facility has not had an accidental release of any regulated chemical (chlorine or ammonia) in the past five years.  No documented offsite injuries or environmental impacts have occurred due to a chemical release in the 45 year history of the facility's operation. 
The emergency response program: 
The Davis Water Treatment Plant has established an emergency response program which involves training of employees and a partnership arrangement with the Austin Fire Department Hazardous Materials (AFD HazMat) Team.  The Utility has spent considerable time, money, and effort to train every employee at the facility to respond to a chemical release.  All facility employees have received Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) awareness, operations, or technician level training.  Selected employees have received extensive training in emergency response from AFD HazMat instructors equal to that received by the HazMat Team.  In case of a hazardous chemical release, th 
e facility operators would determine the severity of the situation and if warranted, would call the HazMat team to respond to the facility.  After an assessment of the situation has been made by AFD and facility personnel, a partnered response to alleviate the problem would be performed. This partnership makes the best use of the expertise of facility employees and HazMat team.  The Austin Office of Emergency Management would notify citizens via television and radio broadcast of the hazard.   
Planned changes to improve safety: 
The Davis Water Treatment Plant has recently completed modifications to both the ammonia and chlorine processes, which upgraded the safety systems in the ammonia and chlorine storage buildings.  The facility is continuously evaluating new safety systems, process control equipment, and procedures that would improve the safety of the employees, the public, and the environment.
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