Ryan Foods - Executive Summary

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                               RYAN FOODS 
                         RISK MANAGEMENT PROGRAM 
                           EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 
1.  General accidental release and prevention policy of Ryan Foods. 
At Ryan Foods processing facility we utilize anhydrous ammonia as a refrigerant during our dairy 
product manufacturing process.  Anhydrous ammonia is considered hazardous by the 
Environmental Protection Agency. The same properties that make ammonia a valuable refrigerant 
also makes it necessary to observe certain safety precautions during it's use to prevent exposure to 
our workers, the surrounding community and the environment.   
It is our policy at Ryan Foods to implement the requirements of the Risk Management Program 
by managing and operating this facility in full compliance with all applicable federal and state 
regulations that we are governed by. The objective is to minimize the risk of an accidental release 
of hazardous materials. Safety depends directly on our proper handl 
ing of ammonia. Our plant 
personnel have been trained on the equipment operating procedures and the various safety devices 
that are incorporated in our facility to prevent the possibility of accidental releases. 
2.  Stationary source and regulated substance handled. 
Ryan Foods, 100 East Chestnut Street, Murray, Kentucky, operates a refrigeration system 
utilizing anhydrous ammonia as the primary refrigerant. Mechanical refrigeration is a 
thermodynamic process where the refrigerant, ammonia, is used as a heat exchanging fluid to 
maintain a desired temperature in an enclosed environment. The refrigeration cycle consists of 
evaporation, compression, condensation and expansion. Evaporation and condensation are 
designed to alter the quantity of energy associated with the refrigerant. Compression and 
expansion are designed to change the availability of the associated energy. The refrigeration cycle 
is a closed loop process. The ammonia cycle utilizes fluid temperature, pressure and latent h 
eat of 
vaporization for cooling. The refrigeration system uses this phenomenon to remove heat from a 
desired space, and then to discard that heat through condensation, to an area where it is of no 
Ryan Foods facility uses ammonia refrigeration to maintain processing, storage room and product 
tank temperatures required for the processing and storage of our product. There are 
approximately 250 employees at this facility, including hourly and salary personnel. They 
manufacture and prepare shipment of refrigerated dairy products via truck approximately 24 
hours a day, seven days a week. 
The potential hazards that could lead to an accidental release of the ammonia include, but are not 
limited to, equipment failure, damage to piping, damage to equipment, human error, etc. 
Although ammonia is a colorless, tasteless liquid, it's dominant characteristic is it's pungent, 
distinct odor.  Persons exposed to ammonia will not voluntarily stay in areas of even small 
ns, although these levels would not normally result in any health risks. Risks from 
accidental exposure to ammonia in a vapor state are irritations to the eyes, nose and throat. The 
extent of irritation depends on the exposure amount and length of time exposed.   
Ammonia is classified non-flammable by the Department of Transportation.  Ammonia will burn, 
but only in a very narrow concentration level when accompanied with a constant ignition source. 
3. Worst case  and alternate case release scenarios including administrative and 
engineering controls to limit/ prevent accidental release. 
Worst case scenario depicts continuous source leak from the Controlled Pressure Receiver (CPR) 
located inside the machine room.  This vessels normal operating level approximately 50% of it's 
total capacity. Engineering controls which limit the liquid level to a maximum of 80% at any time. 
Considering the "catastrophic" possibility does exist for this vessel to release it's entire contents, engineering  
controls incorporated into the system would normally 
prevent such a release. 
Alternate release scenario is represented by the release of ammonia vapor from a safety relief 
valve (SRV) due to an over-pressurization condition on the accumulator vessel located within the 
machine room. The indicated relief valve would be performing exactly as it is designed to do 
during an over-pressurization condition. Valve would open to relieve the over-pressure and vent 
into the atmosphere via the roof vent pipe. 
    The following administrative and engineering controls are in place at Ryan Foods. 
These controls are designed to eliminate, or reduce the possibilities of an accidental release 
from the refrigeration system. 
    *  Electronic ammonia detection installed in compressor room, upper and lower coolers.  
Alarm system activates a local audible alarm to alert plant personnel of the potential ammonia leak 
in the monitored areas.  
    *  High liquid level switches are configured to accumulato 
rs. High level switches will shut 
down associated compressor operation during a high level condition. 
    * All compressors are configured with critical safety controls (high pressure, low pressure, 
high oil temp cut-outs, etc.) to shut down the respective compressor in the event of an abnormal 
operating condition. 
    *  Safety Relief Valves are configured to all pressure vessels, condensers and compressor 
oil separators to eliminate over pressurization conditions in those associated pieces of equipment. 
    *  Periodic Maintenance Program is contracted through a reputable refrigeration company 
to ensure the refrigeration system and it's components are kept in optimum mechanical and 
operating status. Weekly inspections are conducted by the refrigeration contractor. Daily rounds 
are made by plant personnel to verify proper equipment operation. 
4.  Five-year accident history. 
Ryan Foods facility has had no significant accidental releases to report over the last five years. 
5.   Em 
ergency Action Program 
The purpose of the Ryan Foods Emergency Action Plan is to: 
    1.   Minimize exposure to our employees and the surrounding community in the event of a 
    hazardous material release or spill. 
    2.  Assure the safe emergency evacuation of the plant in the instance that it is required. 
    3.  Provide for prompt medical attention to any employees who become seriously injured 
    or ill at work. 
    4.  Facility management has developed an Emergency Response Plan to ensure a fast and    
          efficient response in the event of an accidental release of hazardous materials.  
Our Emergency Action Plan currently meets requirements as set forth in OSHA 29 CFR 1910.38, 
Employee Emergency and Fire Prevention Plans.
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