BGMU Water Treatment Plant - Executive Summary

| Accident History | Chemicals | Emergency Response | Registration | Source | Executive Summary |

    Bowling Green Municipal Utilities employees a full time 
    Safety Director and two part-time Safety Officers.  The 
    Safety Director is responsible for the overall 
    development, administration and supervision of 
    activities required by OSHA, EPA, DOT and other federal 
    and state agencies, to safeguard all BGMU employees. 
    There are Safety Officers at the Treatment Plants, with 
    their primary job consisting in Plant Operations and 
    then secondary as Safety, in which they coordinate all 
    inspections, safety equipment and employee assistance 
    in safety at the Treatment Plants. 
    Bowling Green Municipal Utilities on April 27, 1989 
    hired a full-time Safety Director so that BGMU could 
    develop and implement a written Safety Program.  With 
    the hiring be completed, the major obstacle was 
    achieving compliance in the OSHA, EPA and DOT 
so that BGMU and all the employees would 
    have a safe and healthful work environment.  To this 
    date the Safety Department now handles all of the 
    compliance programs in the Electric, Water and Sewer 
    Divisions, with the only exception being environmental 
    issues that directly involve the Industrial Wastewater 
    Pretreatment Program, which the Industrial Pretreatment 
    Director handles.  Bowling Green Municipal Utilities 
    initialized a Safety Committee on October 26, 1994 
    starting with a member from each work area for a total 
    of 10 members.  This committee makes its 
    recommendations for health and safety issues that 
    include investigations of injuries/accidents.  Bowling 
    Green Municipal Utilities insures that each employee 
    upon being hired is issued an employee handbook, in 
    which this book explains many benefits, employment 
    rules, insurance plans, work hours and policies. 
    Bowling Green Municipal Utilities 
Safety Department 
    develops and conducts monthly safety meetings, which 
    are coordinated with department supervisors, so that 
    all employees can attend.  The safety meetings that are 
    conducted with the employees range from Hazard 
    Communication, Pole Top/Bucket Rescue, First Aid/CPR to 
    Confined Space training.  A complete list of monthly 
    training is sent to each System Manager three months 
    prior to the beginning of the new year.  The training 
    for each employee is recorded and filed. 
    Bowling Green Municipal Utilities also conducts 
    training sessions with other agencies which include the 
    local Fire Departments, Local Emergency Planning 
    Committees, Emergency Medical Services, local 
    Universities and other local Utilities.  This training 
    with these agencies proves that BGMU has a good 
    community service orientated background for safety 
    training.  These sessions include but are not limited 
    to Electrical Saf 
ety, Hazardous Materials, Confined 
    Spaces, Inspections, etc. 
    Bowling Green Municipal Utilities has established a 
    policy to ensure that the employees and their workplace 
    are in a safe and healthful work environment.  BGMU is 
    committed to each employee by providing the employee 
    with certain safety equipment, with a brief list of: 
    safety glasses, hard hats, rain gear, hearing 
    protection, respiratory protection, fall arresting 
    equipment, etc.  The Safety Department is constantly 
    reviewing each job function (Hazard Assessment), to 
    ensure that all aspects of health and safety are being 
    provided to BGMU employees. 
    Bowling Green Municipal Utilities is committed to 
    employee health and safety, but due to working 
    conditions that sometimes cannot be controlled, 
    accidents occur.  If you should suffer any work-related 
    injury, no matter how minor, it shall be reported to 
    your supervisor immediately.  This injury should also 
    be reported to the Safety Department so the appropriate 
    accident reports can be filled out. 
                     GENERAL OVERVIEW 
                   WATER-SEWER DIVISION 
    Bowling Green Municipal Utilities (BGMU) is a combined 
public utility.  The accompanying organizational chart 
illustrates the general structure of BGMU's Water-Sewer 
Division.  The Water-Sewer Division in the event of a crisis 
specifically writes this Emergency Response Plan for use. 
U's Water Treatment Plant serves the potable water 
supply needs of the city of Bowling Green, KY and a large 
portion of Warren County, KY.  BGMU has over 15,600 water 
service connections serving the approximation of 54,000 
persons within the city limits.  Additionally, an estimated 
39,000 persons are served via master meters (Western 
Kentucky University and Warren County Water District). 
    The Water Treatment Plant is located north of downtown 
Bowling Green, KY at 16 Chestnut Street.  BGMU uses the Big 
Barren River as their raw water source.  BGMU's Water 
Treatment Plant provides flocculation, sedimentation, 
disinfection, filtration and fluoridation processes for a 
capacity of 22.5 mgd.  The finished product is pumped from 
the clearwells to the distribution system.  The average flow 
per year is 14.5 mgd. 
    The distribution system consists of over three hundred 
(320) miles of water mains, over 1900 fire hydrants, 
thousands of valves, four (4) pumping stations and four (4) 
ground level storage tanks which totals eight (8) 
million gallons of water.  The distribution system is 
designed to provide adequate flow for domestic, industrial 
and fire fighting needs.  The average household uses an 
estimated 200 gallons a day. 
    BGMU's WasteWater Treatment Plant serves the sanitary 
and industrial sewage treatment needs of the city of Bowling 
Green, KY as well as portions of Warren County, KY.  BGMU 
has over 15,600 sewer service connections serving 
approximately 50,000 persons within the city limits.  With 
various industries, Western Kentucky University, and those 
portions of Warren County that has the service accounts for 
another estimated 27,000 persons. 
    The Waste Water Treatment Plant is located northeast of 
downtown Bowling Green, KY at 1189 Preston Street, adjacent 
to Hobson Grove Park and Golf Course.  BGMU's Wastewater 
Treatment Plant utilizes an aerobic digestion and activated 
sludge process.  Discharge is to the Big Barren River, 
flowing approxima 
tely 800 feet to the rear of the facility. 
The average daily flow through the facility is 7.0 million 
    The wastewater collection system consists of 
approximately 190 miles or 996,740 feet of gravity sewer 14 
miles or 73,444 feet of force mains, 54 sewer lift stations 
and approximately 4,700 manholes. 
    The Water-Sewer Division has approximately 63 employees 
with varied and numerous skills.  Many of the supervisors 
and all stand-by employees have radio-equipped vehicles 
and/or a portable radio with them at all times.  On a 
rotating basis, crews, and supervisors are "subject to call" 
for services needed after hours.  In the event of a major 
emergency that involves loss of telephone or power radio 
communications, designated employees have been instructed to 
report to the normal work area for assignment in the 
emergency response activities. 
    The following Emergency Response Plan is designated to 
provide detailed resources information to 
those responding 
to emergency conditions.  It does not give extensive details 
on exact responses to specific events.  Individual events 
have infinite variability and plans that are too specific 
may be useless in response to the event.  The Emergency 
Response Plan will serve as a list of available 
resources/information and contain general instructions 
related to selected emergency events. 
                     GENERAL OVERVIEW 
                     ELECTRIC DIVISION 
    Bowling Green Municipal Utilities (BGMU) is a combined 
public utility.  The accompanying organizational chart 
illustrates the general structure of BGMU's Electric 
Division.  The Electric Division in the event of a crisis 
specifically writes this Emergency Response Plan for use. 
    BGMU's Electric Division serves the electrical needs of 
the city of Bowling Green, KY and a partial area of Warren 
County, KY through the  
Kentucky Statue of House Bills Number 
146.  BGMU has over 23, 400 service connections serving in 
the approximation of 48,000 persons within the city limits. 
Additionally, an estimated 22,000 persons served via master 
meters (Western Kentucky University and Warren County). 
BGMU also serves an estimated 3,400 commercial institutes 
within the city limits and the county limits. 
    The distribution system consists of over 340 miles of 
electrical lines that run throughout the city via poles and 
43 miles of underground services.  BGMU also has 12 
No.1      Bowling Green Primary which is a 161/69/13kv 
station (TVA PRIMARY) 
No.2      Lover's Lane, which is a 69/13kv station 
No.3      5th and High which is a 69/13kv station 
No.4      Shive Lane which is a 69/13kv station 
No.5      South Bowling Green which is a 161/69/13kv station 
No.6      Cave Mill which is a 69/13kv station 
No.7      Kroger which is a 69/13kv station 
No.8      South Industrial which is a 69/13kv station 
   Cabel which is a 69/13kv station 
No.10          Jonesville which is a 13/4kv station 
No.11          Mimosa Alley which is a 13/4kv station 
No.12          Dogwood which is a 13/4kv station 
    The average daily household usage of electricity in 
Kilowatt per hour is 34kwh; this average will probably vary 
from day to day depending on the weather.  The city of 
Bowling Green and including the section of Warren County has 
a average usage of electricity of Kilowatt per hour is 2.1 
million kWh, depending on the weather.  A breakdown of usage 
includes Small Businesses and Residential using 
approximately 890,000 kWh and Industry usage approximately 
1,200,000 kWh. 
    The Electric Division has 73 employees with varied and 
numerous skills.  Many of the supervisors and all stand-by 
employees have a radio-equipped vehicle and/or a portable 
radio with them at all times.  On a rotation basis, crews, 
and the supervisors are "subj 
ect to call" for services 
needed after hours.  In the event of a major emergency that 
involves loss of telephone or power radio communication, 
designated employees have been instructed to report to the 
normal work area for assignment in the emergency response 
    The following Emergency Response Plan is designated for 
the Electric Division that is located at downtown Bowling 
Green, KY at 801 Center Street, adjacent to the Federal 
Building.  For more detailed resources information to those 
responding to emergency conditions an employee must use the 
immediate supervisor for information.  It does not give 
extensive details on exact responses to specific events. 
Individual events have infinite variability and plans that 
are too specific may be useless in response to the event. 
The Emergency Response Plan will serve as a list of 
available resources / information and contain general 
instructions related to the selected emergency events. 
 During normal business hours, the Water-Sewer Division 
Engineering Department 
will be responsible for notification of appropriate 
supervisors to respond to an emergency condition.  After 
hours, weekends, and holidays, the Water Treatment Plant 
Operator will initiate the notification process.  In either 
case, the responsible party must make every attempt to notify 
the highest-ranking member of the Bowling Green Municipal 
Utilities Management who is available.  The following list is 
to be utilized when emergency conditions exist: 
               Larry Miller, General Manager 
Distribution System           Wastewater Treatment     Water 
Johnnie Hendrick, Crew Supt.       Charles Maxwell, C.O. 
Jill Hartley, WTP Supt. 
Jimmie Bernier Asst. Superintendent     Larry Paschal, 
Maintenance    Terry Hendric 
k, C.O. 
Gary Asbury, Eng. Superintendent        Doug Andrews, Q.C. 
Doug Roberts, Maintenance 
Jeff Bullock, System Maintenance 
Win Simmons, Q.C. 
NOTE:  If communication lines (telephone, pagers, & radios) 
are inoperable ALL employees furnished with a BGMU vehicle 
should report to their respective normal work stations for 
possible assignments. 
Telephone numbers and addresses of all Water-Sewer Division 
personnel are contained in this section. 
    The use of external organizations, personnel or 
consultant shall be at the discretion of the highest-ranking 
member of Bowling Green Municipal Utilities management who is 
available.  The following listings may be utilized when 
emergency conditions exist. 
           1. PB&S Chemicals           1-800-950-1727 
           2. Bill Trotter Enterprises      (502) -781-4155 
           3. HVC/DALY Inc.            1-8 
           4. Mississippi Lime Company      (618) -465-7741 
           5. Olin Chemicals                (314) -862-6705 
           6. Peridot Chemical Company      1-800-545-2586 
           7. Tenn-Luttrel Company          1-800-251-9652 
           8. Van Waters & Rogers           1-800-345-0564 
           9. Carus Chemical           1-800-435-6856 
         10.  Hexagon Chemical              (502) -429-8990 
         11.  Allied Colloids                    (804) -538- 
         12.  CHEMTREC                 1-800-424-9300 
         13.  Chemical Resources            (502) -367-2220 
         14.  General Alum & Chemical       1-800-537-7561 
           1. Scotty's Contracting, Inc.         (502) -781- 
           2. Scott & Ritter, Inc.               (502) -781- 
           3. Scott & Murphy, Inc.               (502) -781- 
           4. Charles Lanphear              (502) -824-7257 
  1. Contractor's Supply, Inc.          (502) -782- 
           2. Whayne Supply Company         (502) -843-3215 
           3. E-Z Rent-It Inc.              (502) -842-2526 
           4. Mid-State Rentals Inc.        (502) -842-4440 
           1. CED Inc.                 (502) -781-2229 
           2. M & L Electrical, Inc.             (502) -781- 
           3. Power-Lite Electric Supply         (502) -842- 
           4. Randolph, Hale, & Merideth         (502) -781- 
           5. Speakman Electric Company          (502) -781- 
           6. Whittaker Electrical Contractor    (502) -781- 
           7. Wholesale Electric Supply          (502) -842- 
         1.   Adams Electric Motor Repair        (502) -586- 
         2.   Covington Electrical Sales         (502) -842- 
         3.   Applied Industrial Technologies    (502) -781- 
         4.   General Ele 
ctric Company      (502) -452-3311 
         1.   Adams Electric           (502) -586-7424 
         2.   Covington Electric            (502) -842-7174 
         3.   E.B. Williams Electric Co.         (214) -631- 
         4.   H.P. Thompson            1-800-597-5066 
         5.   Johnston Pump            (708) -629-6313 
         6.   Layne & Bowler, Inc.               (901) -725- 
         7.   Western KY Pump & Spray Equip.     (502) -842- 
         1.   WKU/Ogden Environmental Lab   (502) -745-5287 
         2.   McCoy & McCoy Laboratories    (502) -821-7375 
         3.   Resource Recycling Technologies    1-800-251- 
         4.   Kentucky State Lab (ONREP)    (502) -564-4533 
         5.   CH Diagnostics           (970) -667-9789 
         6.   Environmental Health Lab      1-800-332-4EHL 
         1.   GRW Engineers, Inc.           1-800-432-9537 
         2.   P. 
D.R. Engineers, Inc.             (606) -223- 
         3.   C.D.M.                   (502) -452-1700 
         1.   Warren County Water Districts (502) -842-0052 
         2.   Warren Rural Electric Co-Op        (502) -842- 
         3.   Robert N. Adams, P.E. (D.O.W.)     (502) -746- 
         4.   Brents Dickinson, P.E.        (502) -781-6135 
         5.   Kentucky NREPC Div. Of Water  (502) -564-3410 
         6.   Kentucky Rural Water Association   (502) -843- 
         7.   KWWOA                    (502) -933-0242 
    Telephone Numbers of other information sources are 
included in this section. 
         * Denotes not Certified by the Commonwealth of 
                    (SELECTED LISTINGS) 
         AGENCY                             TELEPHONE 
Office of Emergency Preparedness (In   502-846-2488 
your Area) 
Department of Environmental Contr 
ol    502-843-5475 
(In your Area) 
Fire Marshal's Office (In you Area)    1-800-255-2587 (non office hrs) 
CHEMTREC                               800-424-9300 
Bureau of Explosives                   202-835-9500 
National Response Center (USCG & EPA)  800-424-8802 
Department of Defense Nuclear          505-264-4667 
Accident Center 
U.S. Army Explosive Ordinance          301-667-5182 
Center of Disease Control              404-663-5315 
Poison Control Center                  800-722-5725 
ACFX Rail Car Manufacturer             314-724-7850 
GATZ Rail Car Manufacturer             312-621-6200 
NATZ Rail Car Manufacturer             312-648-4000 
American Petroleum Institute           303-457-7000 
Association of American Railroads      202-293-4048 
Chlorine Institute                     212-682-4324 
Compressed Gas Association             212-354-1130 
Dow Chemical Company                   517-636-4400 
DuPont Chemical Company                302-774-7500 
U.S. Department of Transp 
ortation      202-426-1830 
National Transportation and Safety     800-424-0201 
U.S. Railroad Administration           202-426-4000 
U.S. Coast Guard                       202-426-2158 
U.S. Corps of Engineers                202-545-6700 
Federal Emergency Management Agency    202-646-4600 
U.S. Department of Agriculture         202-447-2791 
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services        202-343-5634 
National Response Center               800-424-8802 
                ENVIRONMENTAL                         OTHER 
EPA Hotline     1-202-382-4770  TSCA (Toxic      1-800-424-9065 
                               Control Act) 
EPA, RCRA,      1-800-424-9346  TSCA Hotline     1-202-554-1404 
Hazardous Waste 
Hotline, Office 
of Solid Waste 
and Emergency 
Chemical        1-800-535-0202  Inspector        1-800-424-4000 
ncy                       General's 
Preparedness                    Whistle blower 
Hotline, CERCLA                 Hotline 
(Sara Title 
EPA Regional                    Fraud, Waste,    1-800-424-5454 
Offices         VI   214-655-   and 
I   617-565-    6444            Mismanagement 
3715            VII  913-236-   Hotline, 
II  212-264-    2800            Federal 
2525            VIII 303-293-   Emergency 
III 215-597-    1603            Management 
9800            IX   415-974-   Agency (FEMA) 
IV 404-347-4727 8071 
V  312-353-2000 X    206-442- 
EPA Small       1-800-368-5888  Texas Tech       1-800-858-7378 
Business                        University 
Hotline                         Pesticide 
Safe Drinking   1-800-426-4791  National         1-217-333-3611 
Water Hotline                   Animal Poison 
                               Center, 24 
                               hour Hotline 
                            Operated at 
                               the University 
                               of Illinois 
Office of Air   1-919-541-5517  U.S. Army        1-202-272-0001 
Quality                         Corps of 
Planning and                    Engineers 
OSHA            1-202-523-6091  Public          1-800-828-4445 
OSHA            1-513-684-2531  Department of   1-202-245-6296 
Laboratory                      Health and 
(Ohio)                          Human Services 
OSHA            1-801-524-5287  National        1-800-648-6762 
Analytical                      Resources & 
Laboratory                      Defense 
(Salt Lake                      Council, 
City)                           INFOLINE on 
OSHA Regional             
Offices         VI   214-767- 
I   617-223-    4731 
6710            VII  816-374- 
II  212-944-    5861 
3426            VIII 303-837- 
III 215-596-    3883 
1201            IX   415-556- 
IV 404-881-     0584 
3573            X    206-442- 
V  312-353-     5930 
NIOSH           1-303-443-2140                   
NIOSH           1-513-684-8236                   
NIOSH Regional                                   
Offices         VI   214-767- 
I   617-565-    3301 
1164            VII  816-374- 
II  212-264-    2821 
4600            VIII 303-887- 
III 215-596-    3373 
6492            IX   415-556- 
IV 404-221-     6746 
2422            X    206-442- 
V  312-353-     0420 
                     EMERGENCY RESPONSE 
CHEMTREC        1-800-424-9300  Chemical         1-202-887-1100 
24 hour                         Manufacturers 
Emergency                       Association 
Number                          (CMA) 
Department of   1- 
202-366-4488  CMA Chemical     1-800-CMA-8200 
Transportation                  Referral Center 
(U.S. DOT)                      (Non Emergency 
Hotline on CFR-                 Chemical 
49 Regs.                        Information) 
DOT National    1-800-424-8802  National Safety  1-312-527-4800 
Response Center                 Council (NSC) 
for Oil, 
Material Spills 
(U.S. Coast 
Association of  1-202-639-2222  American         1-312-692-4121 
American                        Society of 
Railroads,                      Safety 
Bureau of                       Engineers 
Explosives (24                  (ASSE) 
DuPont          1-800-441-9475  National Fire    1-617-770-3000 
EPA Regional                    American         1-216-761-7294 
Emergency                       Industrial 
Response                        Hygiene 
Offices                         Associ 
I    617-861-   VI   214-767-   American         1-513-661-7881 
6700            2720            Congress of 
II  201-321-    VII  913-236-   Governmental 
6657            3888            Industrial 
III 215-597-    VIII 303-234-   Hygienists 
9492            6069            (ACGIH) 
IV 404-881-3931 IX   415-974- 
V  312-353-2102 7511 
               X    206-442- 
National        1-202-632-7970  American         1-800-ATA-LINE 
Science                         Trucking 
Foundation                      Association 
National        1-202-334-2100                    
Academy of 
    Chlorine is used, on a regular basis, at Bowling Green 
Municipal Utilities' Water and Wastewater Treatment Plants. 
The Commonwealth of Kentucky mandates the use of chlorine in 
Public Water Supplies.  Chlorine is used as a pr 
imary and 
secondary disinfectant at the water treatment plant.  It is 
used as the primary disinfectant at the wastewater treatment 
plant.  The average amount of chlorine used is 372 pounds 
per day at the water treatment plant and 270 pounds per day 
at the wastewater treatment plant. 
    The feed systems consist of five (5) W & T V-Notch type 
chlorinators at the water treatment plant and two (2) W & T 
V-Notch chlorinators at the wastewater treatment plant. 
During normal operation, six (6) cylinders (1 ton each) are 
connected in parallel to the manifold system at the water 
treatment plant with two (2) cylinders (1 ton each) 
connected at the wastewater treatment plant.  The manifolds 
are a split type with automatic switchover systems allowing 
selected amounts of cylinders to be used at a given time. 
    Storage room capacity at the water treatment is nine 
(1 ton cylinders) and six (1 ton cylinders) at the 
wastewater treatment plant.  Normal operation would be three 
(3) cylinders in se 
rvice with three (3) cylinders ready to 
switch over for use at the water treatment plant.  Normal 
operation at the wastewater treatment plant would be two (2) 
cylinders in service with four (4) cylinders in storage. 
All stored cylinders are mounted on cradles, at floor level, 
at both facilities. 
    Within this section are schematics of the chlorine feed 
and storage areas for both treatment facilities. 
Additionally, equipment information, "Kit B" emergency 
repair kit location, and MSDS data and chlorine handline 
information are included. 
Personnel on duty shall assess the severity of any leak! 
A.   Maintenance and/or the operator(s), that will handle 
    loading or unloading of cylinders, shall perform this 
    function by a group of 2 or more individuals using the 
    buddy system with proper communications. 
         1.  Communications shall be maintained at all 
times during the 
loading/unloading of cylinders, or whe 
n responding to a leak 
by means of                   radio communications, by the 
operators to the Safety person standing by. 
         2.  The Safety person standing by shall verify 
         3.  SCBA's shall be worn during any maintenance or 
leak response by the                   maintenance 
technicians, operators, or by observers. 
B.   Less than 1.0 ppm atmospheric chlorine concentration. 
         NOTE:  Fixed alarm system will alarm at a minimum 
concentration of 1 ppm or 
C.   All personnel or persons will evacuate the area 
    immediately to don SCBA's and start portable monitoring 
    (see attached "Portable Monitoring Procedures"). 
         1.   If concentration is 3.0 ppm or below, 
              personnel may assess severity/source of leak 
              and attempt repairs, if possible.  If there 
              is only one operator on duty, then that 
              operator will don SCBA and take the Chlorine 
              meter (turned on and f 
unctioning) and proceed 
              to the chlorine room to determine if it is a 
              false alarm or an actual leak.  If it is a 
              leak then contact the Chief Operator and 
              standby Maintenance personnel after 911 is 
Classifications of leak responses 
1.   Small leak or spill -- Response by personnel on site. 
         a.   Examples of small leak -- loose packing 
              gland, valve intact but not seating properly, 
              pin-hole leaks in manifolds, connector lines 
              or feed equipment in which the amount of 
              leakage has not created an environment in 
              which can not be controlled for proper 
              response and corrective actions by means of 
              shutting down supply, and ventilating area 
              until area is deemed safe. 
2.   If there is only one operator on duty and the 
    concentration of 3.0 ppm to 10 ppm is read at the door 
then the operator shall contact the Chief Operator and 
    the on-call maintenance personnel by either the phone 
    or by contacting the treatment plant by radio to make 
    the call for those person(s).  DO NOT MAKE ENTRY BY 
3.   Large leak or spill -- Response by Bowling Green Fire 
         a.   Any leak in the chlorine storage containers, 
piping or feed systems                  that can not be 
controlled by shutting down supply, and ventilating 
the area in which an amount of chlorine at 10 ppm or 
    NOTE:  Large leaks and/or spills require calling 911 
for Bowling Green Fire Department! 
                   SMALL LEAKS OR SPILLS 
Cylinder valve packing gland is discharging, outlet leaks: 
         a.   Closing the valve or tightening the packing 
              gland nut can often stop leaks  
around valve 
              stems.  Tighten the nut or stem clockwise. 
         b.   Replacing the gasket or adapter connection 
              can often stop leaks at the valve discharge 
Flexible connector lines, manifold assembly or feed 
equipment leaks: 
         a.   Shut cylinder discharge valve immediately and 
draw-off gas within the                 equipment by means 
of vacuum operated chlorinators. 
One-ton container 
         a.   Contact the Bowling Green Fire Department by 
calling 911. 
         b.   Contact the appropriate internal personnel. 
         c.   Contact the Safety Department. 
         d.   When leakage is stopped notify manufacturer 
and DO NOT MOVE                     OR REMOVE CYLINDERS. 
         e.   Monitor cylinder until properly removed from 
facility site. 
              Water will react with chlorine to form 
ochloric acid thereby                         increasing 
corrosion of the cylinder and equipment. 
         g.   Absorption Systems -- a simple absorption 
    system consists of a suitable                tank 
    capable of holding the required alkaline solution.  The 
    alkali should            be stored in a form such that 
    a solution can readily be prepared when 
    needed.  After the solution is prepared, the chlorine 
    can be passed from            the container into it 
    through a connection weighted to hold the outlet 
    under the surface; do not immerse the container. 
         CAUTION:  When absorbing chlorine in alkaline 
solutions, the heat of                            reaction 
is substantial.  Caustic solutions can cause burns to 
CHLORINE    20 WEIGHT               10 WEIGHT         
CONTAINER        %                       %             
              SODA ASH          
              SODA                  SOLUTION          
                          Water                   Water 
1b (net)                   Gal        100%         gal 
__________   100% NaOH  __________    Na2CO3     __________ 
  ____         1b         ____         1b          ____ 
           __________              __________         
              ____                    ____ 
  100          135         65          359         390 
  150          203         98          538         585 
  2000        2708        1300        7176         7800 
Container Information 
         1.  When cylinders are in the proper position with 
valves lined-up vertically,                   upper valve 
will provide "gas" for use and lower valve will provide 
liquid                    chlorine.  Normal chlorination at 
BGMU is accomplished utilizing chlorine 
         2.  During shipment, occasionally liquid chlorine 
will be trapped in the upper                 education port 
or piping within the cylinder.  For this purpose, heaters 
are                 installed on the chlorine manifold for 
the purpose of evaporating such liquid 
amounts.  Heaters must be operational at all times. 
Fusible Plugs 
         1.   All ton containers are equipped with fusible 
              metal pressure relief devices.  Most have 6 
              (six) fusible metal plugs, three in each end, 
              spaced 1200  apart.  The fusible metal is 
              designed to yield or melt between 1580F and 
              1650F(700C & 740C) to relieve pressure and 
              prevent rupture of the container in case of 
              fire or other exposure to high temperature. 
Types of Leaks or Release 
         A.   Continuous Release -- chlorine can be 
released from a point source over a period of 
              time.  An example of such a release is a leak 
              through a faulty flanged joint.  Such a leak 
              will get worse until the condition is 
              corrected.  Until that time the down-wind 
              hazards will continue. 
         B.   Slug Release -- a slug release will occur if 
              a vessel incurs a large puncture or ruptures. 
              Large quantities of chlorine will be 
              discharged in a short time.  In the case of a 
              puncture in the upper (vapor) portion of the 
              vessel about one-fourth of the liquid 
              (depending on the liquid temperature) will 
              rapidly evaporate or "flash off". This will 
              cool the remaining liquid to the atmospheric 
              boiling point.  The evaporation rate of the 
              remaining liquid primarily depends on the 
              heat input from the atmosphe 
re.  In the case 
              of a puncture in the liquid phase, liquid 
              will be expelled through the hole until the 
              liquid drops to the lip of the opening.  Most 
              of the liquid expelled will "flash off" as it 
              comes out of the tank, but some may spill on 
              the ground.  The evaporation rate of the 
              spilled liquid depends on heat input from the 
              ground and from the sun.  Reducing the 
              surface area of the spill will reduce the 
              evaporation rate.  The addition of water 
              streams will provide additional heat and will 
              increase the evaporation rate. 
    Area Affected 
         Mathematical modeling has been done to estimate 
the dispersion characteristics               of chlorine gas 
cloud from a release.  The area and exposure duration depend 
upon the total quantity released, the rate of release, the 
height of the release              
point, and weather 
conditions.  These factors are difficult to evaluate in an 
emergency situation.  Chlorine downwind can vary from barely 
detectable to            high concentrations. 
    Effect of Chlorine on the Environment 
         A.   Vegetation - chlorine causes bleached spots 
              on leafy plants due to attack on chlorophyll 
              in the leaf.  Mature leaves are most 
              susceptible to chlorine injury.  Usually the 
              plant itself is not destroyed although yield 
              or growth rate may be retarded. 
         B    Animals - The U.S. National Institute for 
              Occupational Safety and Health 1980 "Registry 
              of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances" 
              lists the following inhalation LC50's 
              (concentration of chlorine in air lethal to 
              50% of the defined animal, exposed over the 
              specified time period): 
              Human ---840ppm/30 minutes 
           Rat --- 293ppm/60 minutes 
              Mouse --- 137ppm/60 minutes 
              For an unspecified species of mammal the 
              lowest concentration of chlorine in air 
              (other than LC50) which has been reported to 
              cause death in humans or animals is listed as 
              500ppm/5 minutes. 
         C.   Aquatic Life -- Chlorine is only slightly 
              soluble in water and there would be little 
              absorption from a cloud of chlorine gas. 
              Many forms of aquatic life are adversely 
              affected by chlorine in concentrations well 
              below 0.1 ppm but harmful concentrations are 
              unlikely unless chlorine is discharged 
              directly into water. 
The stopping of leaks by the emergency devices is only an 
interim measure; the ton container must be emptied as soon 
as possible.  Chlorine may be passed into and 
absorbed by a 
solution of caustic soda or soda ash.  Each 100 pounds of 
chlorine to be absorbed requires either at least 125 pounds 
of caustic soda dissolved in about 42 gallons of water or 
300 pounds of soda ash dissolved in about 100 gallons of 
If the chlorine cannot be consumed or absorbed, the capped 
or plugged container should be removed to a remote area. 
Consult with the chlorine supplier immediately & arrange for 
ultimate disposal. 
Some ton containers in current use are of such design that 
application of kit "B" devices might be difficult or 
impossible.  Among these are included those containers with 
double-dished heads; with fusible plugs located too close to 
valve protection hood lugs (precluding proper placement of 
device 4); with valve protection hood fastened by means of a 
single stud located between the two operating valves 
(precluding use of device 12); and, with over-sized valve 
(precluding proper seating of gasket 4-12BMV, 12 BBV 
or 12MV and of hood assembly 12A.) 
Kit "B" devices also are unsuitable for stopping leaks 
around the chime of ton containers. 
         A.   Be cautious, do not become a casualty 
         B.   Prompt treatment is essential.  Firmness and 
assurance to exposed persons will                 assist in 
alleviating anxiety. 
         C.   Immediately remove exposed person to an 
uncontaminated area. 
         D.   Remove any contaminated clothing and wash 
contaminated parts of the body. 
         E.   Never give anything by mouth to an 
unconscious person. 
         F.   Call 911 and obtain medical assistance. 
Chlorine Gas Inhalation 
         A.   When Breathing has Ceased. 
              1.  Commence artificial respiration 
              2.  Administer oxygen as soon as possible. 
  The SCBA will be sufficient enough 
               until the ambulance gets to the plant. 
         B.   If Breathing has not Ceased. 
              1.  Place patient in a comfortable position. 
              2.  Administer oxygen as soon as possible. 
              The SCBA will be sufficient enough 
               until the ambulance gets to the plant. 
              3.  Keep patient warm and at rest. 
              4.  Render any other necessary first aid. 
Liquid  Chlorine Eye Contact 
         A.   Flush eyes immediately with copious amounts 
of running water for 15 (fifteen)                 minutes. 
         B.   Forcibly hold eyelids apart to ensure 
complete irrigation of eye and lid tissues. 
         C.   Do not attempt chemical neutralization of any 
Liquid Chlorine Skin Contact 
         A.   Place person in the emergency shower, 
removing clothes in shower. 
         B.   Wash well with copious amounts of soap and 
         C.   Apply no greases unles 
s ordered by a 
         A.  Protection from chlorine gas must be provided 
first of all for the respiratory                   system 
followed closely by protection for the eyes.  This normally 
takes the                      form of a full-face mask with 
a positive pressure air system. 
         B.  SCBA's are required for any routine 
maintenance, connecting or 
disconnecting cylinders and loading/unloading or cylinders. 
         C.  Protection for the rest of the body is 
available (Tyvex suits) if personnel 
determines it is necessary and if the concentration is above 
10ppm then the                     Bowling Green Fire 
Department is called for Level A Suit entry. 
    Gaseous Chlorine 
         Gaseous chlorine combines with water 
(perspiration) to form a weak acid - 
hypochlorous acid.  When chlorine gas dissolves in 
perspiration, the weak acid             creates mild skin 
burns similar to those that might be created by strong 
.  Such burns will become apparent most quickly in 
the sensitive areas of             the body such as around 
the genitals, between the buttocks or under the arms. 
Protective clothing should reduce exposure of all body 
surfaces to chlorine gas                so as to minimize 
the physiological damage that may occur.  It must be 
recognized that a given concentration of chlorine gas will 
be more harmful in a               hot, moist climate than 
in a cold, dry climate.  Similarly, it will be more harmful 
to a person who is working hard in such an atmosphere than 
it will to a person                who is quickly passing 
through an area. 
    Liquid Chlorine 
         Liquid chlorine is a very cold liquid, boiling at 
         -34F (-29C).  Contact with such a liquid will 
         result in frostbite.  The only protection is to 
         remain out of the range of the liquid.  Protective 
         clothing, which will prevent penetration of 
         chlorine gas, is unlikely to be insu 
lated on the 
         inside and will be ineffective against frostbite. 
    After Exposure to Chlorine 
         Personnel should shower immediately after being 
exposed to high concentrations               of chlorine so 
as to wash away the harmful substances and minimize 
physiological damage. 
         A.  Protective clothing is for the protection of 
rescue, emergency repair crews                     and it 
may be required for the protection of personnel making 
routine or                     scheduled repairs.  It should 
never be required under routine operating 
conditions.  When an emergency occurs, the personnel 
directly involved                   must escape from the 
hazardous area quickly with special protective 
clothing.  SCBA's are always in use. 
         B.  Once a chlorine leak has occurred a decision 
will be made with the Bowling                     Green Fire 
Department to decide which type of protect 
ion will minimize 
the                 hazardous consequences of delay in 
controlling the leak. 
    Location of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 
    A.  Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) 
              1.   In a chlorine-contaminated environment a 
                   self-contained breathing apparatus 
                   (SCBA) shall be used; but only by 
                   trained personnel.  Three complete units 
                   are located in the Water Treatment Plant 
                   and the Wastewater Treatment Plant in 
                   areas designated, with spare cylinders 
                   also available.  Additional SCBA's are 
                   available if requested. 
    C.  Chlorine Repair Kits 
              1.  A Kit B Chlorine Repair Kit is available 
at the BGMU Water                            Treatment Plant 
facility, which is located in the chlorine storage area. 
              2.  A Kit B Chlorine Repair K 
it is also 
available at the BGMU                             Wastewater 
Treatment Plant facility, which is located in the chlorine 
storage area. 
    D.  Portable Chlorine Monitors 
              1.  There are Three (3) portable chlorine 
                monitors that are available and shall be 
                used as required.  One of which is located 
                in the operator's office of the Water 
                Treatment Plant, the other is located in 
                the operator's office of the Wastewater 
                Treatment Plant and the other is at the 
                Water Sewer Crew Quarters Building. 
         When a chlorine leak occurs, each case must be 
handled on its own merits.              Decisions must be 
made which will minimize the amount of chlorine that is 
released while at the same time having others provide 
warning or rescue to               persons who are in 
         Normal work cloth 
ing will provide all the 
protection that is required for the               period of 
time it takes to escape from an emergency.  Such clothing, 
in                  combination with SCBA respiratory 
equipment, can be satisfactory for very brief 
periods required for rescue or valve closing. 
         Extended exposure to chlorine gas will be handled 
by the Bowling Green Fire               Department and their 
performance of essential duties will be performed by their 
Standard Operating Procedures which will be handled by their 
Incident                 Commander. 
         Judgment must be used when high concentrations of 
         chlorine gas or prolonged exposure is required or 
         when persons may not have the option of moving out 
         of the chlorine gas.  When the maximum level of 
         protections will have to be used, the Bowling 
         Green Fire Department will make that 
         determination.  They have been specifically 
         trained in the use and li 
mitations of such 
                    HAZ MAT ACTIVATION 
    The activation of the Bowling Green Fire Department 
HAZMAT Team is necessary in the event of the release or 
spill of a hazardous material in quantities which result in 
contaminant levels reaching a point where Level A personal 
protective equipment (PPE) must be used, and the chlorine 
meter reads 10ppm or greater at the door, and the leak 
cannot be controlled. 
    It is the responsibility of the supervisor to determine 
when an emergency situation is, or has expanded to, a HAZMAT 
    As stated in the Bowling Green Municipal Utilities' 
overview, the Bowling Green Fire Department Hazardous 
Materials Team will be the primary response to a Chlorine 
Emergency, and shall have received the required training and 
have readily available to them all the P.P.E. necessary to 
safely handle a HAZMAT type emergency.  BGMU will have 
persons designated as Hazardous Materials Advisors a 
nd ONLY 
they have been completely trained in HAZMAT and Chlorine 
Procedures and will respond and remain "on-site" of either 
treatment facility during such an event. 
    It is highly probable that any HAZMAT response will 
involve CHLORINE, in either gas or liquid form. 
    In either event, all person(s) should exit the 
facilities traveling toward exits opposite the wind 
direction.  Wind direction can be determined by observing 
the bright orange windsocks located at both treatment 
facilities and then traveling to designated response 
locations.  If possible, SCBA's stored in the operator's 
area of the treatment facilities should be brought as you 
exit the facilities.  There shall be NO RE-ENTRY to the 
facility until the supervisor has advised that all is clear. 
    The following pages are outlines of the Chlorine HAZMAT 
program of the BGMU Water-Sewer Division: 
                   WATER-SEWER DIVISION 
            OVERVIEW - HAZMAT - 29 CFR 1910.120 
NOTE:  The explanations, definitions, and information 
contained herein are limited to the requirements for 
emergency response at other than hazardous waste clean-up 
(1)  APPLICATION (52  FR  29640) 
    "Hazardous materials response (HAZMAT) team" means an 
organized group,    designated by the employer, who are 
expected to perform work to handle and  control actual or 
potential leaks or spills of hazardous substances requiring 
possible close approach to the substance.  These team 
members perform responses     to releases or potential 
releases of hazardous substances for the purpose of control 
or stabilization of the incident. A HAZMAT team is not a 
fire brigade nor is a    typical fire brigade a HAZMAT team. 
A HAZMAT team, however, 
may be     separate component of a 
fire brigade or fire department. 
    The Haz-Mat Team that will be responding is the Bowling 
Green Fire     Departments' Hazardous Materials Team, which 
will be responding on a Haz Mat    Technician Level with an 
On Scene Incident Commander. First Responder      Awareness 
Level shall be maintained by all BGMU Water-Sewer Division 
employees to which there will be also designated Haz Mat 
Advisors to respond      with the Bowling Green Fire 
Department Hazardous Materials Team.  The only    employees 
that are not First Responder Awareness Level will be office 
and  engineering personnel. 
    Treatment plant operator(s), when on duty, shall 
    monitor and determine the severity of any leak or spill 
    which could result in a hazardous/emergency incident. 
    All leaks or spills shall be reported to the Chief 
    Operator immediately, the other treatment plant and 
en to the Safety Department.  The facilities are 
    occupied and monitored 24 hours a day and 7 days a 
    It shall be the responsibility of the BGMU to insure 
    safety at the site of the emergency with the help of 
    the Bowling Green Fire Department Safety Officer, and 
    BGMU's responsibility to insure total site security. 
    BGMU Employees, will not be specifically assigned for 
    HAZMAT, but may be utilized as needed for security 
    purposes after non-contaminated areas have been 
    established.  The facility is fully enclosed with 
    fencing; all exits are secured from 5:00 p.m. to 6:00 
    a.m. weekdays.  Facility exits/entrances are secured at 
    all times on weekends. 
              ***RESERVE TECHNICAL GROUP *** 
    Medical Center Ambulance Services       Medical Center 
    of Bowling Green 
    250 Park Street   
                      250 Park Street 
    Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101      Bowling Green, 
    Kentucky 42101 
    Phone: 745-5000 or 843-5000 or 911      Emergency Room: 
    Contact: Randy Fathbuckner              Contact: Mary 
    Kovar (ext. 1863) 
    Greenview Hospital of Bowling Green 
    1801 Ashley Circle 
    Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 
    Phone: 781-4330 
    Contact: Carletta Priddy 
    BGMU staff engineers are available as needed as well as 
    beyond BGMU'S staff. 
    Water-Sewer Supt. of Engineering        GRW Engineers 
    Gary Asbury                        801 Corporate Park 
    Phone: 782-1404 (H)                Lexington, KY 
    Phone: 782-4371 (W)                1-800-432-9537 
    Radio Unit #18 
    Water-Sewer System Manager    Water Plant Supt. 
    Chief Operator - WTP 
    Larry Miller             Jill Hartley             Terry 
781-0938 (H)      Phone: 843-3506 (H) 
    Phone: 781-2567 (H) 
    Phone: 782-4374 (W)      Phone: 782-4548 (W) 
    Phone: 782-4396 (W) 
    Radio Unit #4            Radio Unit #3            Radio 
    Unit #3W 
    BGMU General Manager     Chief Operator - WWTP 
    Larry Miller             Charlie Maxwell 
    Phone: 781-0938 (H)      Phone: 781-5071 (H) 
    Phone: 782-4336 (W)      Phone: 782-4389 (W) 
    Radio Unit #36           Radio Unit #1 
    Must be developed and implemented by all employers to 
    handle emergencies 
    Be in writing and available for inspection and copying 
         1) Employees or their representatives; 
         2) OSHA personnel; 
         3) Any regulatory agency or its representatives; 
         4) Suppliers of potentially hazardous materials. 
    Employers who evacuate workplace in an emergency and do 
    not allow any employee to     respond are exempt from 
requirement if they provide an ER plan in 
    accordance with 29 CFR  1910.38 (a). 
     (A)Pre-emergency planning needs to refer to the 
         Bowling Green Fire Department SOP's. 
     (B)Personnel roles, lines of authority, training and 
         communication needs to refer to the Bowling Green 
         Fire Department SOP's. 
     (C)Emergency recognition and prevention needs to 
         refer to the BGMU Response Plan. 
     (D)A procedure for handling emergency response needs 
         to refer to the Bowling Green Fire Department 
     (i)The Bowling Green Fire Department senior emergency 
         response official that responds to an emergency 
         shall become the individual in charge and be the 
         site-specific Incident Commander.  All emergency 
         responders and their communications shall be 
         coordinated and controlled through this individual 
     in charge, and be assisted by the senior official 
         present from Bowling Green Municipal Utilities. 
     (ii)    The individual in charge of ICS shall be the 
         Bowling Green Fire Department senior officer, 
         which will be in charge of the Hazardous Materials 
         Team and all emergency responders. 
     (iii)   The Bowling Green Fire Department will 
         operate at the incident site per the Bowling Green 
         Fire Departments Standard Operating Procedures for 
         Hazardous Materials. 
     (iv)    The individual in charge of the ICS shall 
         limit the number of emergency response personnel 
         at the emergency site, in those areas of potential 
         or actual exposure to incident or site hazards, to 
         those who are actively performing emergency 
         operations, with BGMU assisting in the Site 
         Security and also having personnel in an Advisory 
he Medical Center Emergency Medical Services 
         (EMS), as a minimum, shall also stand by with 
         medical equipment and transportation capability. 
     (E)SKILLED SUPPORT PERSONNEL: Personnel, not 
         necessarily the employer's own employees, who are 
         skilled in the operation of certain equipment, 
         such as mechanized earth moving or digging 
         equipment or crane and hoisting equipment, and who 
         are needed temporarily to perform immediate 
         emergency support work that cannot reasonably be 
         performed in a timely fashion by the employer's 
         own employees, and who will be or may be exposed 
         to the hazards at   an emergency response scene, 
         are not required to meet the training required in 
         this paragraph for the employer's regular 
         employees.  However, these personnel shall be 
         given an initial briefing at the site prior to 
         their participation in any emerge 
ncy response. The 
         initial briefing shall include instruction in the 
         wearing of appropriate personal protective 
         equipment, what chemical hazards are involved, and 
         what duties are to be performed.  All other 
         appropriate safety and health precautions that are 
         provided to the employer's own employees should be 
         used to assure the safety and health of those 
     (F)ADVISORY EMPLOYEES: Employees who, in the course 
    of their regular job     duties, work with and are 
    trained in the hazards of specific hazardous 
    substances,    and who will be called upon to provide 
    technical advice or assistance at a     hazardous 
    substance release incident to the individual to the 
    individual in  charge,   shall receive training or 
    demonstrate competency in the area of their 
    specialization annually. 
    at the aw 
areness    level are individuals who are 
    likely to witness or discover a hazardous substance 
    release and who have been trained to initiate an 
    emergency response sequence   by notifying the proper 
    authorities of the release.  They would take no further 
    action beyond notifying the proper authorities of the 
    release.  First responders at      the awareness level 
    shall have sufficient training to have had sufficient 
    experience to objectively demonstrate competency in the 
    following areas. 
         (a)  Understanding of hazardous materials and 
    associated risks. 
         (b)  Understand the potential outcome when 
    hazardous materials are present. 
         (c)  Ability to identify hazardous materials. 
         (d)  Ability to recognize hazardous materials in 
    an emergency. 
         (e)  Understanding the First Responder Awareness 
    Level's role in a                  hazardous material 
         (f)  Understand site security and control and the 
    DOT North American            Emergency Response 
         (g)  Ability to recognize the need for additional 
    resources and to make              appropriate 
     (H)RESPONSE PROCEDURES - The first Responder will 
         phone 911 for the Bowling Green Fire Department 
         with the information concerning the incident, 
         including the location. 
     (I)Secondary Response will be performed as required 
         using the Incident Command System. 
     (J)Critique of response and follow-up: 
         A written report on the BGFD Haz-Mat Team Response 
         shall be completed by the On Scene Incident 
         Commander and submitted to the following for 
         review and follow-up. 
              (i)  General Manager 
              (ii) Systems Manager 
              (iii)     Site Plant Superintendent 
         (vi) Safety Department 
     (K)PPE and emergency equipment needs to referred to 
         the Bowling Green Fire Department SOP's. 
      Once the presence and concentrations of specific 
    hazardous substances and health hazards have been 
    established, the risks associated with these substances 
    shall be identified.  Employees who will be working on 
    the site shall be informed of any risks that have been 
    identified.  In situations covered by the Hazard 
    Communication Standard, 29          CFR 1910.120, 
    training required by that standard need not be 
    NOTE:     (c) (7) - Risks to be considered include, but 
    are not limited to: 
              (a)  Exposures exceeding the permissible 
                   exposure limits and published exposure 
              (b)  IDLH concentrations. 
              (c)  Potential skin absorption and irritation 
              (d)  Potential eye irritation sources. 
              (e)  Explosion sensitivity and flammability 
              (f)  Oxygen deficiency. 
      Training requirements will be accomplished by the 
    Bowling Green Fire  Department Hazardous Materials 
    Standards.  The Bowling Green Fire Department Hazardous 
    Materials Team will train at the Bowling Green 
    Municipal Utilities treatment facilities at a minimum 
    of twice a year. 
      Will be the Bowling Green Fire Department senior 
    official at the scene: 
         (A)  The individual shall establish and become the 
              individual in charge of a site-specific 
              Incident Command System (ICS). 
         (B)  Individual in charge of ICS shall identify 
    hazardous substances and                conditions 
    present and shall address site ana 
lysis, engineering 
    controls,                maximum exposure levels, 
    hazardous substances handling procedures, 
    and use of NEW technology. 
         (C)  Based on the hazardous substances or 
    conditions present, the individual                in 
    charge of the ICS shall implement emergency operations, 
    and assure               that the PPE worn is 
    appropriate.  Minimum protection shall be met. 
         (D)  Individual in charge of the ICS shall limit 
    the number of ER personnel at                the scene 
    to those actively involved in performing emergency 
         (E)  Back-up personnel shall stand by with rescue 
    equipment.  Basic life             support personnel 
    shall stand by with medical equipment and 
         (F)  Individual in charge shall designate a Safety 
    Officer who shall identify              and evaluate 
    hazards and provide direction with respect to t 
    safety of                operations. 
         (G)  If an IDLH or imminent danger condition 
    exists, the Safety Officer shall             have 
    authority to alter, suspend, or terminate activities. 
         (H)  After emergency is terminated, individual in 
    charge shall implement             decontamination 
         (1)  GENERAL 
              (I)  Hazardous substances and contaminated 
    soils, liquids, and other                    residues 
    shall be handled, transported, labeled and disposed of 
    in             accordance with this paragraph. 
              (II)      Drums and containers used during 
    the cleanup shall meet the 
    appropriate DOT, OSHA, and EPA regulations for the 
    wastes                   that they contain. 
              (III)     When practical, drum and containers 
    shall be inspected and their                 integrity 
    shall be 
assured prior to being moved.  Drums or 
    containers that cannot be inspected before being moved 
    because                  of storage conditions (i.e., 
    buried beneath the earth, stacked 
    behind other drums, stacked several tiers high in a 
    pile, etc.)                   shall be moved to an 
    accessible location and inspected prior to 
    further handling. 
              (IV) Unlabeled drums and containers shall be 
    considered to contain                   hazardous 
    substances and handled accordingly until the contents 
    are positively identified and labeled. 
              (V)  Site operations shall be organized to 
    minimize the amount of                  drum or 
    container movement. 
              (VI) Prior to movement of drums or containers 
    all employees                      exposed to the 
    transfer operation shall be warned of the potential 
    hazards associated with the contents of the drums or 
              (VII)     U.S. Department of Transportation 
    specified salvage drums or                   containers 
    and suitable quantities of proper absorbent shall be 
    kept available and used in areas where spills, leaks, 
    or ruptures                   may occur. 
              (VIII)    Where major spills may occur, a 
    spill containment program,                   which is 
    part of the employer's safety and health program, shall 
    be implemented to contain and isolate the entire volume 
    of the                   hazardous substance being 
              (IX) Drums and containers that cannot be 
    moved without a rupture,                     leakage, 
    or spillage shall be emptied into a sound container 
    using a device classified for the material being 
              (X)  A ground-penetrating system or other 
    type of detection system                     or device 
    shall be use 
d to estimate the location and depth of 
    buried drums or containers. 
              (XI)      Soil or covering material shall be 
    removed with caution to                 prevent drum or 
    container rupture. 
              (XII)     Fire extinguishing equipment 
    meeting the requirements of 29                    CFR 
    Part 1910, Subpart L, shall be on hand and ready to use 
    to                  control incipient fires. 
         The Bowling Green Fire Department Hazardous 
         Materials Team will be    notified in the event of 
         an incident and/or emergency. 
         All contractors or subcontractors services while 
         working in hazardous operations shall inform those 
         contractors, sub-contractors, or their 
         representative of the site emergency response 
         procedures and potential fire, explosion,  
         safety of other hazards of the hazardous 
         operations that have been identified in the 
         employer's information program. 
         The written safety and health programs shall be 
         made available to all contractors or 
         subcontractors or their representative who will be 
         on the grounds at BGMU.
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