SWEPCO Welsh Power Plant - Executive Summary

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RMP DATA ELEMENT - Executive Summary 
SWEPCO Welsh Power Plant 
Welsh Power Plant is one of two coal fueled power generating facilities in the Southwestern Electric Power Company (SWEPCO) subsidiary, which includes a total of 9 generating facilities located in east Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas. This site is located in Titus County near Pittsburg, Texas. The facility has 123 full time employees. 
Southwestern Electric Power Company (SWEPCO) is an investor-owned utility. The company's common stock is held by Central and South West Corporation, a registered public holding company headquartered in Dallas, Texas and Tulsa, Oklahoma. 
The facility is a three-unit power generation facility with a total generation of  approximately 1,540 mw.  It burns coal as the primary fuel with fuel oil as the secondary fuel.  The three Westinghouse units were installed in 1977, 1980 and 1982.  
The following information is part of a complete Risk Management Plan (RMP) that was prepared for the SWEPCO Wels 
h Power Plant outside of Pittsburg, TX.  The information includes accident prevention and safety programs, emergency preparedness and response programs, chemical description, five year accidental release history, alternative release scenario and the worst case scenario.  The sharing of this type of information is a means to improve community safety, not a prediction of the probability that either a worst case or more likely scenario would ever occur.  These scenarios are estimates required by the Environmental Protection Agency and are used to illustrate the importance for risk reduction, safety, prevention and emergency preparedness and response. 
The Welsh Power Plant has been producing electricity for over 20 years. During this time, there has not been any chlorine release that adversely impacted the plant or the surrounding community. 
The release scenarios, a worst case scenario and an alternative release scenario, are designed to be exercises which calculate the potential impact  
on the community, based upon extreme conditions, defined by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  A worst case scenario is defined as the complete release of the largest inventory of the chemical over 10 minutes under weather conditions that would allow the chemical to travel as far as possible.  The distance(s) used in this plan are from the EPA Offsite Consequence Analysis Guide (April 1999). It also assumes that none of the site's mechanical controls or safety systems are operational for this theoretical exercise. However, the laws of physical science do not allow a complete release of the chemical as described in the worst case scenario. 
The worst case scenario for the Welsh Power Plant involves a cylinder containing 2,000 pounds of chlorine. The entire quantity is released and vaporizes over a 10 minute period and the resulting vapor cloud travels down wind.  A level of concern to the community extends 3.0 miles down wind.  
Given these unrealistic guidelines of a worst cas 
e scenario, more realistic scenarios or alternative release scenarios were also developed. These scenarios involve smaller releases and allow a site's safety systems to work.  The alternative release scenario may be used by local government and industry to prepare emergency response plans. 
The alternative release scenario for the Welsh Power Plant involves the failure of a one-fourth inch pigtail or similar connection releasing chlorine for a duration of 60 minutes. The resulting cloud extends 0.3 miles down wind. 
SWEPCO's chlorinating systems are built and installed with safety controls designed to prevent accidental releases. Some of the typical safety equipment and systems used at the plant include: 
- Storage cylinders meeting American Society of Mechanical Engineering requirements 
- Automatic shut-off devices 
- Interlocks and relief valves 
- Specifically designed pressure gauges, fittings, connections, tubing and piping. 
Plant employees, including plant operators, electric 
ians, mechanics, and laboratory technicians, receive training in the operation and maintenance of the chlorination system. This training includes emphasis on: 
- Specific safe work practices 
- Routine operating procedures 
- Audit and inspection procedures 
- Emergency operation including shut down 
- Alarms and emergency notification procedures. 
SWEPCO has an established Preventative Maintenance Procedure 440 specifically developed for the chlorination system. This procedure requires: 
- Periodic inspection and testing of all mechanical systems  
- Detailed documentation of all inspection and maintenance activity 
- Documentation of equipment deficiencies 
- Timely and appropriate repair of all deficiencies. 
A Process Safety Management System has been specifically developed for the chlorination system at this plant in compliance with the Occupational Safety and Health Act Process Safety Management rule. This management system requires: 
- An initial and periodic analysis of eng 
ineering and administrative controls 
- Investigation procedures designed to resolve and correct potential incidents 
- Formal audits performed by trained individuals with knowledge of chlorination systems. 
All Plant personnel handling chlorine are specially trained. This training includes: 
- Emergency shutdown 
- Emergency operation of the chlorinator 
- Hazards of chlorine 
- Safety procedures to be followed during normal operations 
- Emergency Response Procedures 
- Notification procedures 
- Evacuation procedures. 
Periodic inspection of the equipment is mandatory. Repairs are required on all items identified as defective  during inspections. 
If a release occurs, only trained Emergency Response Personnel will respond to assess and stop the leak. In all cases, necessary actions will be taken to control the release of chlorine. 
- The Plant Control Room will be notified immediately if a chlorine leak is detected. 
- Control Room personnel will coordinate emergency response pr 
- Emergency response procedures may include: 
- Notification of authorities 
- Evacuation of plant personnel 
- Evacuation of public 
- Notification of plant and/or company managers.
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