Highland Reservoir - Executive Summary

| Accident History | Chemicals | Emergency Response | Registration | Source | Executive Summary |

This Risk Management Program (RMPlan) has been developed for managing hazards associated with the storage and use of gaseous chlorine at the City of Rochester Highland Reservoir located in the City of Rochester, New York. The Chlorine Building is a located adjacent to the reservoir on its northeast side. It contains six one-ton containers, four of which are normally on-line. The chlorine containers are managed by City of Rochester staff and are changed out not more than once every 30 days.  
Personnel that perform these operations have been trained in the proper procedures and safety precautions and are members of the City's Chlorine Response Team. The total quantity of chlorine potentially present at the facility (12,000 lbs) exceeds the USEPA Risk Management Program (RMP) threshold value of 2,500 lbs for gaseous chlorine. Based on these requirements, this RMP has been developed. 
The specific requirements of the RMP regulations vary, depending on conditions present at in 
dividual facilities. In the case of the Highland Reservoir, the facility falls under the RMP Program 2 requirements due to the following: 
7 Chemical inventory (chlorine) is above RMP threshold 
7 Facility is not regulated by a Federal or State Process Safety Management Program. 
Program Management 
The goal of the Risk Management Program (RMProgram) is to reduce the risk to employees and the public of injury or death from accidental release of chemicals. The City of Rochester is committed to achieving this goal. The fundamental Management Program for the Highland Reservoir RMProgram is the organizational structure of the City of Rochester Water Bureau. Within that framework, the responsibilities for specific tasks associated with the RMP are described below. 
Program Element                               Responsible Employee 
RMProgram Manager                                Dale Kriewell 
Alternate RMProgram Manager                 Eric Carlson 
Safety Information                            
        Eric Carlson 
Hazards Review                                      Anne Klumpp 
Operating Procedures                              Eric Carlson 
Training                                                     Eric Carlson 
Maintenance                                             Eric Carlson 
Compliance Audits                                    Anne Klumpp 
Incident Investigation                                Don Root 
Emergency Planning and Response         Eric Carlson 
RMPlan Updates (5 Year and Changes)   Anne Klumpp 
Worst-Case Release Scenario  
The Worst-Case Release Scenario has been developed to represent a conservative estimate of the effect on the public and environment of a release of all the contents of the largest vessel over a 10-minute period. For chlorine, it is required to determine at what distance such a release will create a chlorine concentration (a.k.a., toxic endpoint) of 3 ppm.  Modeling of the release scenario was completed using the ALOHA portion of the CAMEO soft 
ware program. This modeling was run with the assistance of the Monroe County Local Emergency Planning Committee. 
The model showed the radius for the Worst-Case Scenario toxic endpoint for the Highland Reservoir system to be 3.0 miles. This scenario is based on the following conditions: 
7 Release of entire 2,000 lb cylinder over a ten minute period (200 lb/min) 
7 Chlorine released as a gas 
7 Ambient temperature of 900F and 75% relative humidity 
7 Wind speed of 1.5 meters/sec 
7 Meteorological stability class of F. 
Based on information from the Monroe County, New York Population Distribution Map, produced by Monroe County and dated February 1999, the population within the Worst-case Scenario 3.2 mile radius is 145,000. The area is urban. There are numerous public receptors in the area including the following: 
- hospitals and institutions (numerous) 
- City of Rochester central business district 
- City and County municipal buildings 
- Museums (numerous) 
- Churches (numerous) 
- C 
ity and private schools (numerous) 
- College campuses (U of R, MCC) 
- City parks (Cobbs Hill) 
- Stadium (frontier Field) 
- Arena (Blue Cross Arena at the War Memorial) 
- Monroe County Jail 
- Mt. Hope Cemetery 
Key receptors in the immediate area of the Highland Reservoir (within a 0.5 mile radius) 
include those listed below. 
Receptor                       Direction            Distance (feet). 
Highland Park                    ---                           0  
Highland Hospital             North                    1,100  
Colgate Divinity School    East                      1,200 
St. Johns Home               West                     1,400  
Duffy School               Northwest                1,700 
Al Sigl Center              Southwest                2,500 
Alternate Release Scenario 
The Alternate Release Scenarios was determined similar to the Worst-Case, except that it reflects a more likely release than the Worst-Case. For the Highland Reservoir, this scenario is for a tubing failure, va 
lve failure, or bad connection in a one-ton cylinder resulting in the release of gas through a 5/16-inch diameter valve body opening. It is modeled as a release from a horizontal cylindrical tank with the release occurring through a short pipe or valve in the top of the tank. The chlorine escapes only as a gas. The American Water Works Association Research Foundation Compliance Guidance and Modeling Risk Management Program for Water Treatment Plants and the ALOHA model was used in this analysis. 
The Alternate Release Scenario toxic endpoint for the Highland Reservoir system is 0.32 miles. This scenario is based on the following conditions: 
7 Release of 317 lbs over a 60 minute period (10.5 lb/min) 
7 Chlorine released as a gas 
7 Ambient temperature of 850F and relative humidity of 75% 
7 Wind speed of 5.4 meters/sec 
7 Meteorological stability class of D. 
Based on information from the Monroe County, New York Population Distribution Map, produced by Monroe County and dated February 1999, 
the population within the Alternative Release Scenario radius is 1,275. 
Five Year Accident History 
There have been no accidental releases of chlorine gas from the Highland Reservoir Chlorine Building within the last five years. 
Hazard Review 
A review of the hazards associated with the chlorine system has been completed. The review is based on checklists from The Chlorine Manual, Chlorine Institute Pamphlet 1, 6th edition, January 1997. 
Based on this review, the most serious potential chemical hazard associated with water treatment at the Highland Reservoir involves the uncontrolled release of chlorine liquid or gas from the one ton supply containers. Such releases could be in the form of a relatively slow leak from one of the containers valves or connection to such a valve, or, in the form of a sudden and more voluminous release resulting from fail-ure of a fusable container plug, blow out of a tank valve, or a tank wall rupture. The former type of release can typically be tended t 
o with normal maintenance procedures and generally does not pose a threat to life or property. The latter type of release, although far more likely to be catastrophic if should it occur, is extremely rare in the industry. 
A second less serious, but plausible type of hazard associated with chlorine is the uncontrolled release of the highly chlorinated solution that results from the introduction of chlorine gas into the water stream passing through the venturi ejector. 
Training on the management of chlorine is conducted for City of Rochester personnel by Mr. Eric Carlson on an on-going basis. The training is provided to operations staff (i.e., personnel who change out chlorine tanks) as well as to members of the Chlorine Response Team (CRT), whose job function it is to respond to alarms of the chlorine system. The CRT team leader or their designee keeps a record of such training and keeps each CRT member appraised of their training status with respect to the team's training go 
Since March 1998 operations and CRT personnel have been meeting on a bi-monthly basis to review chlroine handling operations, safety, maintenance, and emergency response issues. This on-going training includes the topics described in the June 5, 1996 Inter-Departmental Correspondence. 
Maintenance of the chlorine equipment at the Highland Reservoir is performed on a regular basis, as a part of the facility's operations. On a daily basis the following equipment is checked: 
7 Rotameter 
7 Vacuum gauge 
7 Suction gauge. 
Based on the status of the readings and condition of this equipment, maintenance is performed by those City staff responsible for operation of the chlorine system. In conjunction with this maintenance, monthly inspections are conducted of the following: 
7 Chlorine B kit 
7 Scott air packs 
7 Building ventilation system. 
As a preventative maintenance step, once per year the flexible tubing connecting the chlorine tank regulator to the chlorination system is  
replaced. In March 1998 the regulators on all tank hookups were inspected, repaired, or replaced. 
Emergency Response 
Chlorine leaks are managed by the City's Chlorine Response Team. The procedures that are to be followed are detailed in the Chlorine Response Team Manual. The manual includes the following: 
7 Chemical Spill/Leak Response Decision Trees 
7 Emergency Action Checklist 
7 Chlorine Response Team Roster 
7 Procedures for Initial Leak Assessment 
7 Correcting Non-Critical Leaks 
7 Notifications 
7 Non-Critical Leak Report Form 
7 Critical Leak Report Form 
7 Required Hazardous Material Incident Notification and Response Procedures 
7 Chlorine Institute Emergency Kit 'B' for Chlorine Ton Containers 
7 First Aid and Medical Management of Chlorine Exposures 
In conjunction with the above procedures, the City is coordinating with the Monroe County Local Emergency Planning Committee, to meet the requirements of their General and Technical guidance for the Risk Management Plan Preparation for 
facilities in Livingston, Genesee, Wayne, Orleans, Ontario, and Monroe Counties. This has included the following: 
7 Submission of Population within Alternate Release Scenario Table 
7 Submission of copy of RMP*Submit printout. 
In addition CRT personnel met with the City of Rochester Fire Department Hazardous Materials Team in October 1998 to review site conditions and the facility's response plan.
Click to return to beginning