Shasta Lake Water Treatment Plant - Executive Summary

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The City of Shasta Lake has instituted a Risk Management Program for their water treatment facility, Shasta Lake Water Treatment Plant, as required by Federal Accidental Release Prevention (ARP) Program regulations at 40 CFR Part 68.  The Risk Management Program identifies the equipment, procedures, maintenance, inspection, and training associated with Regulated Substances (RS's) handled at this facility in excess of Federal threshold quantities; describes the structured assessment of hazards which was conducted to assess possible effects on employees and offsite public and environmental receptors; provides the results of an offsite consequences analysis; defines a prevention program, emergency response program, and mitigation measures to reduce the probability and magnitude of accidental releases of RS's; and establishes a schedule and responsibilities for implementation of mitigation measures and auditing of program elements.  This Risk Management Plan (RMP) is being filed as require 
dby ARP regulations in order to report the elements of the current Risk Management Program and to describe further measures planned to mitigate or prevent accidental releases of RS's.   
The City of Shasta Lake's  Water Treatment Plant is located at 16349 Lake Blvd., Shasta Lake, CA in Shasta County, and uses chlorine for disinfection in quantities greater than the Federal threshold quantity for this RS.  The facility is located on a hill overlooking Shasta Dam, within the Whiskeytown - Shasta - Trinity National Recreation Area and Shasta National Forest.  There is 1full-time employee at this site. Chlorine is received in ton containers by truck, handled with an electric hoist, and stored on ton container scales and storage trunnions inside the building.  The chlorine is used to control biological growth on the filters and to disinfect the treated water.  Pressurized chlorine gas within a ton container is withdrawn under pressure and  
piped to a vacuum regulator valve in a chlorinator located in an adjacent room where the gas pressure is reduced to vacuum.  From there, the chlorine under vacuum is metered through rate valves and rotameters, and drawn into water solution by the passage of pressurized water through an injector. 
It is the policy of the City of Shasta Lake that the receipt, storage and handling of chlorine at its facility be done in a manner which meets regulatory requirements and minimizes the probability and severity of releases of chlorine to the atmosphere, in order to protect the health and safety of its workers, the public, and the environment.  In order to accomplish this goal, the City of Shasta Lake has gathered safety information on chlorine and on the process, equipment and procedures involving chlorine; performed a structured assessment of hazards of the process and external events which might affect the process; performed an of 
fsite consequences analysis of defined release scenarios; established a written program for prevention and mitigation of releases; and established a written emergency response program coordinated with emergency response agencies. 
A single "worst case" release scenario is required to be considered for each stationary source, resulting in the maximum distance to an endpoint for all toxic RS's contained on site above the threshold quantity. 
The worst case release scenario for toxic chemicals is defined in the ARP regulations as the release of the contents of the largest single container of RS (in this case chlorine) over a period of 10 minutes. The scenario considered the release of the contents of the largest container of chlorine on site, in this case 2,000 lb.  This release scenario is not physically possible, due to the characteristics of chlorine. 
An "alternative case" release scenario is required to be considered for  
each toxic RS handled in quantities greater than the threshold quantity at the site. 
The "alternative case" scenario is described in the ARP regulations as a likely release resulting in offsite effects, considering administrative controls and mitigation measures in place, and is to be determined by the facility operators as part of the Process Hazard Analysis required to be performed during RMP development. The "alternative case" considered for this facility is the release of chlorine from the gas valve of a ton container due to an operator error during hookup, with the release secured by emergency responders by closing the gas valve after 60 minutes. 
Administrative controls in effect at City of Shasta Lake which were considered to mitigate the severity of the Worst Case and Alternative Case release scenarios include City of Shasta Lake's written policies and procedures for training of operators and maintenance personnel, written procedures for control of the  
inventory of chlorine at the facility, and policies regarding quality level of replacement materials and components for the chlorine system. 
No mitigation measures were considered to limit the severity of the Worst Case scenario.  No passive mitigation measures were considered to limit the severity of the Alternative Case scenario.  Active mitigation was considered for the Alternative Case, in the form of the timely response of properly trained and equipped personnel following established emergency response procedures. 
General accidental release prevention programs instituted by City of Shasta Lake are categorized as administrative (management) programs; procedures, training, and engineering controls; and emergency response programs. 
City of Shasta Lake has instituted a Process Safety Management (PSM) Program meeting OSHA requirements at 29 CFR 1910.119 covering its disinfection process.  This constitutes the genera 
l accidental release prevention program for City of Shasta Lake's operations.  The program and document management procedures included in the PSM Program will be used as the management system for the Risk Management Program. 
Release prevention steps specific to chlorine have been identified and implemented.  These include, among other things, creation of numerous facility-specific operation procedures with check boxes for completion of critical steps.. 
There have been no accidents involving chlorine at this facility within the past five years resulting in injuries or offsite consequences. 
The City of Shasta Lake's Emergency Response Program applicable to chlorine has been coordinated with Shasta Lake Fire Department, the local agency responsible for hazardous materials inventory reporting and release response coordination.  It consists of notification of the public agency assigned res 
ponsibility for First Response to hazardous materials release emergencies and evacuation of persons on site to designated assembly areas upwind of the released gas.  First Responders have participated with City of Shasta Lake personnel in response drills. 
All of the improvements and mitigation measures identified in the process hazard analysis which the City of Shasta Lake committed to accomplish have been completed or are in progress.  Any other measures identified by employees during workplace hazard surveys, or as a result of audit activities, will be thoroughly reviewed and considered for implementation.
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