Sanderson Farms, Inc. - Executive Summary
General Executive Summary for Chemical, Manufacturing and Oil Refining Facilities |
1. Accidental Release Prevention and Emergency Response Policies
We at Sanderson Farms, Inc. are strongly committed to employee, public and environmental safety. This commitment is demonstrated by our comprehensive accidental release prevention program that covers areas such as design, installation, operating procedures, maintenance, and employee training associated with the processes at our facility. It is our policy to implement appropriate controls to prevent possible releases of regulated substances.
2. The Stationary Source and the Regulated Substances Handled
Our facility's primary activities encompass Poultry processing and rendering operation. We have 2 regulated substances present at our facility. These substances include Ammonia (anhydrous) and Chlorine. Ammonia (anhydrous) is used as a refrigerant. Chlorine is used to generate chlorine dioxide for odor abatement.
3. The Worst Case Re
lease Scenario(s) and the Alternative Release Scenario(s), including administrative controls and mitigation measures to limit the distances for each reported scenario
To evaluate the worst case scenarios, we have used the EPA's OCA Guidance Reference Tables or Equations and the EPA's RMP Guidance for Ammonia Refrigeration Reference Tables or Equations. For alternative release scenario analyses we have employed the EPA's OCA Guidance Reference Tables or Equations. The following paragraphs provide details of the chosen scenarios.
The worst case release scenario submitted for Program 2 and 3 toxic substances as a class involves a catastrophic release from Chlorine. In this scenario 4000 lb. or (2) 2000 ton cylinders of Chlorine is released. The toxic liquid released is assumed to form a 1 cm deep pool from which evaporation takes place. The entire pool is estimated to evaporate over 10 minutes. The released quantity has been limited to 100% of the maximum capacity of the source by
a system of administrative controls. At Class F atmospheric stability and 1.5 m/s windspeed, the maximum distance of 7.4 miles is obtained corresponding to a toxic endpoint of 0.0087 mg/L.
The alternative release scenario for Chlorine involves a release from Chlorine. The scenario involves the release of 2000 lb. Toxic liquid is assumed to be released to form a 1 cm deep pool from which evaporation takes place. The entire pool is estimated to have evaporated after 10 minutes. The release is also assumed to be controlled by sprinkler system(s), excess flow valve(s), flare(s), neutralization and emergency shutdown system(s). Under neutral weather conditions, the maximum distance to the toxic endpoint of 0.0087 mg/L of Chlorine is 2.0 miles.
The alternative release scenario for Ammonia (anhydrous) involves a release from Ammonia Refrigeration. The scenario involves the release of 37000 lb. of . Toxic liquid is assumed to be released to form a 1 cm deep pool from which evaporat
ion takes place. The entire pool is estimated to have evaporated after 10 minutes. The release is also assumed to be controlled by sprinkler system(s), excess flow valve(s), flare(s), neutralization and emergency shutdown system(s). Under neutral weather conditions, the maximum distance to the toxic endpoint of 0.14 mg/L of Ammonia (anhydrous) is 0.99 miles.
4. The General Accidental Release Prevention Program and the Chemical-Specific Prevention Steps
Our facility has taken all the necessary steps to comply with the accidental release prevention requirements set out under 40 CFR part 68 of the EPA. The following sections briefly describe the elements of the release prevention program that is in place at our stationary source.
Process Safety Information
Sanderson Farms, Inc. maintains a detailed record of safety information that describes the chemical hazards, operating parameters and equipment designs associated with all processes.
Process Hazard Analysis
Our facility conduc
ts comprehensive studies to ensure that hazards associated with our processes are identified and controlled efficiently. The methodology used to carry out these analyses is What If. The studies are undertaken by a team of qualified personnel with expertise in engineering and process operations and are revalidated at a regular interval of 5 years. Any findings related to the hazard analysis are addressed in a timely manner. The most recent PHA/update was performed on 04/08/1999.
For the purposes of safely conducting activities within our covered processes, Sanderson Farms, Inc. maintains written operating procedures. These procedures address various modes of operation such as initial startup, normal operations, temporary operations, emergency shutdown, emergency operations, normal shutdown and startup after a turnaround. The information is regularly reviewed and is readily accessible to operators involved in the processes.
Sanderson Farms, Inc. has
a comprehensive training program in place to ensure that employees who are operating processes are competent in the operating procedures associated with these processes. Refresher training is provided at least every 3 years and more frequently as needed.
Sanderson Farms, Inc. carries out highly documented maintenance checks on process equipment to ensure proper operations. Process equipment examined by these checks includes among others; pressure vessels, storage tanks, piping systems, relief and vent systems, emergency shutdown systems, controls and pumps. Maintenance operations are carried out by qualified personnel with previous training in maintenance practices. Furthermore, these personnel are offered specialized training as needed. Any equipment deficiencies identified by the maintenance checks are corrected in a safe and timely manner.
Management of Change
Written procedures are in place at Sanderson Farms, Inc. to manage changes in process chemicals,
technology, equipment and procedures. The most recent review/revision of maintenance procedures was performed on 05/07/1999. Process operators, maintenance personnel or any other employee whose job tasks are affected by a modification in process conditions are promptly made aware of and offered training to deal with the modification.
Pre-start up safety reviews related to new processes and to modifications in established processes are conducted as a regular practice at Sanderson Farms, Inc.. The most recent review was performed on 02/20/1999. These reviews are conducted to confirm that construction, equipment, operating and maintenance procedures are suitable for safe startup prior to placing equipment into operation.
Sanderson Farms, Inc. conducts audits on a regular basis to determine whether the provisions set out under the RMP rule are being implemented. The most recent comliance audit was conducted on 05/07/1999. These audits are carr
ied out at least every 3 years and any corrective actions required as a result of the audits are undertaken in a safe and prompt manner.
Sanderson Farms, Inc. promptly investigates any incident that has resulted in, or could reasonably result in a catastrophic release of a regulated substance. These investigations are undertaken to identify the situation leading to the incident as well as any corrective actions to prevent the release from reoccurring. All reports are retained for a minimum of 5 years.
Sanderson Farms, Inc. truly believes that process safety management and accident prevention is a team effort. Company employees are strongly encouraged to express their views concerning accident prevention issues and to recommend improvements. In addition, our employees have access to all information created as part of the facility's implementation of the RMP rule, including information resulting from process hazard analyses in particula
On occasion, our company hires contractors to conduct specialized maintenance and construction activities. Prior to selecting a contractor, a thorough evaluation of safety performance of the contractor is carried out. Sanderson Farms, Inc. has a strict policy of informing the contractors of known potential hazards related the contractor's work and the processes. Contractors are also informed of all the procedures for emergency response should an accidental release of a regulated substance occur.
5. Five-year Accident History
Sanderson Farms, Inc. has had an excellent record of preventing accidental releases over the last 5 years. Due to our stringent release prevention policies, there has been no accidental release during this period.
6. Emergency Response Plan
Sanderson Farms, Inc. carries a written emergency response plan to deal with accidental releases of hazardous materials. The plan includes all aspects of emergency response including adequate first aid an
d medical treatment, evacuations, notification of local emergency response agencies and the public, as well as post-incident decontamination of affected areas.
To ensure proper functioning, our emergency response equipment is regularly inspected and serviced. In addition, the plan is promptly updated to reflect any pertinent changes taking place within our processes that would require a modified emergency response.
7. Planned Changes to Improve Safety
Sanderson Farms routinely evaluates various elements of our accidental release prevention program. There are no expected changes at this time.