American International Refining, Inc. - Executive Summary
19450 LDEQ Facility ID Number |
American International Refining, Inc. Lake Charles Refinery
Risk Management Plan
AIRI Lake Charles Refinery has a long-standing commitment to worker and public safety. This
commitment is demonstrated by the resources invested in accident prevention, training of highly qualified
personnel, and considering safety in the design, installation, operation and maintenance of our
processes. Our policy is to implement reasonable controls to prevent hydrocarbon releases. However, if
a release does occur, our trained personnel will respond to control, contain, and mitigate the release.
AIRI is committed to voluntary initiative for safe management of chemicals. AIRI follows an internal
code of Management Practice, which is integral to the implementation of the AIRI Environmental and
Health and Safety policies. The Community Awareness Code of Management Practice and AIRIs
Community Awareness and Emergency Response policies are design
ed to assist emergency
preparedness and to faster community right to know.
The AIRI Lake Charles Refinery, located in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana, uses crude oil and certain
additives as the primary raw materials to produce naphtha, kerosene, diesel fuel and asphalts. The
refinery uses or produces several regulated flammables such as propane, butane, methane.
There are no chemicals listed in the EPAs list of toxic chemicals which are maintained on site.
The WCS (worse case scenario) associated with the release of a flammable substance involves the
release of largest inventory, in a single vessel, of mixed propane and butane. Such a release would
require a catasatrophic failure of a pressure vessel with overpressure protection in place. No credit was
taken for active mitigation measures when evaluating this scenario. Therefore, the maximum allowable
single vessel inventory allowed to release under established administrative controls is 161,339 pounds.
This inventory is as
sumed to vaporize and ignite, resulting in a vapor cloud explosion (VCE) which would
result in a maximum distance to the 1-psi overpressure endpoint of .11miles.
Process Safety Information
The AIRI Lake Charles Refinery maintains a variety of technical documents that are used to help
maintain safe operation of the processes. These documents address chemical properties and associated
hazards, limits for key process parameters, specific chemical inventories, and equipment design
basis/configuration information. Specific departments within the chemical complex are assigned
responsibility for maintaining up-to-date process safety information. Employees are provided training on
how to locate the information from various computer terminals located throughout the chemical complex.
Chemical specific information, including exposure hazards and emergency response/exposure
treatment considerations, is provided in material safety data sheets (MSDS). This information is
documents that address known corrosion concerns and known hazards associated
within inadvertent mixing of specific chemicals. For the different process areas, the chemical complex has
documented safety related limits for specific process parameters (e.g. temperature, pressure,
composition, etc.). The chemical complex ensures that the processes are maintained within these limits
using process controls, monitoring instruments, protective instrument systems, and highly trained
The chemical complex also maintains a database, that is accessible by both employees and
contractor supervision, which provides information about the design and construction of process
equipment. This information includes materials of construction, design pressure and temperature ratings,
electrical classification, etc. This information in combination with written procedures and trained
personnel, provides a basis for establishing inspection and maintenance activities as well as for
ng proposed process and facility changes to ensure that safety features in the process are not
Process Hazard Analysis
The Lake Charles Refinery has a comprehensive program to help ensure the hazards associated
with the various processes are identified and controlled. Within this program, each process is
systematically examined to identify hazards and ensure that adequate controls are in place to manage
The Lake Charles refinery primarily uses the hazard and operability (HAZOP) analysis technique to
perform these evaluations. HAZOP analysis is recognized as one of the most systematic and thorough
hazard evaluation techniques. The analysis are conducted using a team of people who have operating
and maintenance experience as well as engineering expertise. The team identifies and evaluates
hazards of the process as well as accident prevention and mitigation measures, and makes suggestions
for additional prevention and/or mitigation measures when t
he team believes such measures are
The PHA team findings are made available to people associated with the process unit for comments
and forwarded to local and corporate management for resolution. Implementation of mitigation options in
response to PHA findings is based on a relative ranking assigned by the PHA team. This ranking helps
ensure that potential accident scenarios assigned the highest rank receive immediate attention. All
approved mitigation options being implemented in response to PHA findings are tracked until they are
complete. The final resolution of each finding is documented and retained.
Operators, supervisors, and plant engineers work together to develop and maintain operating
procedures. These procedures define how tasks related to process operations are safely performed. At
The Lake Charles Refinery, operating procedures: (1) are used to train employees and (2) serve as
reference guides for appropriate actions to ta
ke during both normal operations and process upsets.
Operating procedures include:
? Steps for safely conducting activities
? Applicable process safety information, such as safe operating limits,
? Safety and health considerations, such as chemical hazards, personnel protective
equipment required and steps to take if exposed to a particular chemical.
Plant personnel develop and maintain operating procedures that cover all phases of operations,
including initial startup, normal operation, normal shutdown, emergency shutdown, startup following a
turnaround or emergency shutdown, and temporary operations.
The Lake Charles Refinery trains its workers to safely and effectively perform their assigned tasks.
The training program includes both initial and refresher training.
All new operators receive two weeks of comprehensive training before ever being assigned to a
specific operating unit. This training includes training on specific types of equipment, such as pumps an
compressors, general overview of the process, properties and hazard substances in the process,
detailed review of complex procedures, such as, safe work practices and emergency response. Oral
reviews and written tests are used to verify that employees understand the training material before a new
employee can report to a process unit. Once a new employee reports to a particular process unit, he
receives detailed training with respect to process specific procedures. Once the new hire has
demonstrated, through oral review and written tests, mastery of process specific operating procedures
and for specific tasks, he is allowed to begin work in a specific operating unit.
Refresher training covers (1) a general overview of the process, (2) the properties and hazards of
the substances in the process and, (3) a detailed review of the process operating procedures and safe
work practices. Oral review and written tests are used to verify that employees understand the training
before an employee can resume work in the process. The operators have been consulted in safety
meetings and through questionnaires regarding effectiveness and frequency of training.
Recommendations are reviewed and changes to the training program are implemented as appropriate.
Management of Change
The Management of Change program for the Lake Charles Refinery evaluates and approves all
proposed changes to chemicals, equipment, and procedures for covered processes to help ensure that a
change does not negatively affect safe operations. Process changes that are determined to be a
replacement in kind (e.g. replacing a valve with an identical valve) are allowed without completing a full
management of change program. All other changes must be confirmed through a full management of
change program to help ensure process safety information and procedures are updated, and affected
employees are notified of the change.
Pre-Startup Safety Review (PSSRs)
The Lake Charles Refinery
conducts a safety review of a new or modified process before the
process is placed in service. The purpose of the PSSR is to ensure the safety features, procedures,
personnel and equipment are appropriately prepared for startup prior to placing the equipment in service.
The review provides one additional check to make sure construction is in accordance with the design
specifications and that all supporting systems are operationally ready. The PSSR review team uses
checklists to verify all aspects of readiness. A PSSR involves field verification of the construction and
serves a quality assurance function by requiring verification that accident prevention program
requirements are properly implemented.
The Lake Charles Refinery has well established practices and procedures to maintain pressure
vessels, piping systems, relief and vent systems, controls, emergency shutdown systems, and rotating
equipment (pumps and compressors) in a safe operating conditi
on. The basic aspects of this program
include (1) conducting training, (2) developing written procedures, (3) performing inspections and tests,
(4) correcting identified deficiencies and, (5) applying quality assurance measures. In combination, these
activities form a system that maintains the mechanical integrity of the process.
Maintenance personnel receive training on (1) an overview of the process, (2) safety and health
hazards, (3) applicable maintenance procedures, (4) emergency response plans, and (5) applicable safe
work practices. Written procedures help ensure that work is performed in consistent manner and
provides basis for training. Inspections and tests are performed to help ensure that equipment functions
as intended, and to verify that equipment is within acceptable limits (e.g. adequate wall thickness for
pressure vessels). If a deficiency is identified, the equipment will be repaired in a timely manner. All
outstanding deficiencies are tracked until suc
h time a final solution has been implemented and
Another integral part of the mechanical integrity program is quality assurance. The Lake Charles
Refinery incorporates quality assurance into equipment purchase and repairs. This helps ensure that new
equipment is suitable for intended use and that proper materials and spare parts are used when repairs
Safe Work Practices
The Lake Charles Refinery has a long-standing safe work program in place to ensure worker safety.
Examples of the program include (1) control of the entry/presence/exit of support personnel, (2)
lockout/tagout procedures to ensure isolation of energy sources for equipment undergoing maintenance,
(3) procedures for safe removal of hazardous materials before process piping or equipment is opened, (4)
a permit and procedures to conduct spark producing activities (i.e, hot work), and (5) a permit and
procedures to ensure that adequate precautions are in place before entry into a confined
procedures, along with training of affected personnel, form a system to help ensure that operations and
maintenance activities are performed safely.
The Lake Charles Refinery investigates all incidents that could reasonably have resulted in a serious
injury to personnel, the public, or the environment so similar incidents can be prevented. The refinery
trains employees to identify and report any incident requiring investigation. The investigation is initiated
within 48 hours of the incident. Depending on the incident, an investigation team may be formed. Results
of the investigation are documented and appropriate changes are made.
The Lake Charles Refinery maintains a written employee participation program to help ensure that
safety and environmental concerns of the plant workers are addressed. The plant encourages active
participation of personnel in safety, health, and environmental activities at the plant.
consulted and/or informed about all aspects of the RMP prevention program including PHAs (Process
Hazard Analysis) and operating procedures.
The Lake Charles Refinery audits the covered processes to be certain that the prevention program is
effectively addressing safety, health, and environmental issues. The complex assembles an audit team
that includes personnel knowledgeable in the processes. This team evaluates whether the prevention
program satisfies the requirements of the RMP rule and whether the prevention program is sufficient to
ensure safe operation of the complex. The results of the audit are documented, recommendations are
resolved, and appropriate enhancements made to the operations of the Lake Charles Refinery.
The Lake Charles refinery has established a program to help ensure that contractor activities are
performed in a safe manner. This program reviews the safety record of the contractors to ensure the
only hires contractors who can safely perform the desired task. The complex communicates to the
contractor supervisor the hazards of the process on which they and their employees will work, the plants
safe work practices, and the plants emergency response procedures. The plant requires that the
contractor supervisors train each of their employees on hazards and procedures specific to the complex
site. The plant periodically reviews contractors training documents and work performances to help
ensure that safe practices are followed.
Five Year Accident History
The facility has experienced no events in the period of June 1994 to present, which had offsite
Emergency Response Program
The Lake Charles Refinery emergency response program has been developed to meet the
emergency planning, response, and notification requirements of the following regulations:
? OSHA 29 CFR 1910.38 (a) Employee Emergency Action Plans
? OSHA 29 CFR 1910.120 (q)-Hazardous Waste Operations
and Emergency Response
? OSHA 29 CFR 1910.110 (n) Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals
? OSHA 29 CFR 1910 Subpart L-Fire Protection
? LADEQ LAC 33.1' 3901- Notification Regulations for Unauthorized Discharge
? LDPS Title 33, Part V, Subpart 2, Ch.101' 1011-Release Reporting
? EPA 40 CFR Part 302.6- Notification Requirements
? EPA 40 CFR part 355.40-Emergency Planning and Release Notification
? EPA 40 CFR Part 68- Risk Management Programs for Chemical Accidental Release Program
? EPA 40 CFR Part 355.30- Facility Coordinator and Emergency Response Plan
? EPA 40 CFR Part 112- Spill prevention, Control and Countermeasures Plan
? EPCRA 302- List of Extremely Hazardous Substances
? OSHA29CFR 1910.156 Fire Brigade Training
The emergency response strategy for The Lake Charles Refinery is to prevent and/or control
emergency situations via the use of engineering , design, and fixed protection systems. The plant has an
Emergency Response Team that is available 2
4 hours per day, and trained to respond and take actions
to contain, control, and mitigate any release that might occur. The team has access to on-site emergency
equipment which is appropriate for situations that could possibly occur at the refinery. In addition to the
on-site resources, the Lake Charles Refinery is in the process of becoming a member of Calcasieu
Mutual Aid. This membership allows the refinery (if needed) to draw on the emergency response
resources of other industries in the immediate area. The following is a partial listing of the equipment
which is available for emergency response:
750 Gal. - Ansul 64 Foam 5 Sets Turnout Gear
6 - 100 Ft. Sections of 2= Hose 12 - 10Ft. Sections of 1= Hose
6 - 2= X 1= Two Way Connectors 6 1= Nozzles
4 Foam Eductors
The AIRI Lake Charles Facility is a participant in the community planning process, cooperating with
the Calcasieu Parish Local Emergency Planning Committee. A copy of the plants Emergency
Plan has been forwarded to the Office of Emergency Preparedness per the requirements of 40 CFR 355.
Planned Changes to Improve Safety
The Lake Charles Refinery constantly strives to improve safety and reduce risk through auditing,
suggestions from employees, incident investigations, and the use of proper engineering standards and